Updated 07/27/2021 19:01
An important group of former democratic presidents of Spain and the Americas warned in a statement about the repressions in Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba and the persecutions in Bolivia and Argentina and cite the case of former president Mauricio Macri.
Under the title of Declaration on the Criminalization of Democratic Leadership, the former heads of State and Government members of the Democratic Initiative of Spain and the Americas (IDEA) maintain that they "observe with concern and alert international public opinion about the process of kidnapping of democratic language by the anti-democratic radical left that still exist in the region, after the fall of the Iron Curtain thirty years ago. "
"The deliberate purpose - he adds - is to empty the content of the experience of democracy by prostrating its essential elements, using these to achieve power and sustain it contrary to the alternation in its exercise and thus, through constitutional forms, dismantle the State. of Law and the same democratic guarantees of human rights ".
The statement signed, among others, by the Chilean Eduardo Frei, the Spanish José María Aznar and the Mexican Vicente Fox, denounces that "in the same order they preach a so-called hybrid war or legal war, which would be part of this (lawfare), to point out who have been victims of this ominous practice. "
He adds that "rather, it is currently being implemented by governments allied with that undemocratic left in order to criminalize the opposition that authentically defend the values of democracy and freedom. The imprisonment and systematic criminalization of political and social leaders who disagree openly about the regimes of Cuba and its colonies in Venezuela and Nicaragua, they are instructive in this regard. "
"In Cuba, 700 Cubans have been violently detained and prosecuted for the demonstrations calling for freedom on 11J, while in Nicaragua 5 candidates for the presidential elections in November have been arrested and prosecuted, accusing them of attacking sovereignty for" inciting foreign interference in internal affairs and requesting military interventions, "including social communicators," the document states.
Daniel Ortega, President of Nicaragua
Regarding Venezuela, he says that "after the simulation of another attempt at dialogue in the midst of the repression and violence that is extended in the framework of a severe humanitarian crisis caused by his regime, it opts to persecute interim president Juan Guaidó and imprison deputy Freddy Guevara, one of the leaders promoting the aforementioned dialogue as part of a National Salvation Agreement. "
"In Bolivia," he emphasizes, "after a constitutional succession process endorsed and recognized by the OAS, the UN, the EU, China and Russia, after the resignation of then-President Evo Morales, his new authorities reverse the narrative, accusing the Independent media are persecuting those who prevented the aforementioned incident from jeopardizing Bolivian democratic viability, and now the former presidents who ensured said transition are being prosecuted. "
At that point, the statement maintains that "an attempt is being made to manipulate this case to persecute, with the assistance of the current Argentine government, former President Mauricio Macri, whom his opponents from the undemocratic left have targeted and opened legal cases without real hold or by manifestly political discrepancies ".
"It does not go without saying that, in the case of this, under the leadership of the current Argentine ruler, the hybrid and legal war designed by the aforementioned anti-democratic extreme left in the Americas acquires its full significance; therefore, it is imperative to call on the Administration of Justice, to the judges and prosecutors, so that they do not forget that the destiny of democratic freedoms ultimately rests in their hands, "he says.
The document bears the signatures of Óscar Arias, Costa Rica José María Aznar, Spain Nicolás Ardito Barletta, Panama Felipe Calderón H., Mexico Rafael Ángel Calderón, Costa Rica Alfredo Cristiani, El Salvador Vicente Fox Q., Mexico Federico Franco G., Paraguay Eduardo Frei R., Chile Lucio E. Gutiérrez, Ecuador Osvaldo Hurtado, Ecuador Jamil Mahuad W., Ecuador Mireya Moscoso, Panama Andrés Pastrana, Colombia Jorge Tuto Quiroga, Bolivia Miguel Ángel Rodríguez, Panama Álvaro Uribe Vélez, Colombia Juan Carlos Wasmosy, Paraguay