The Limited Times

Now you can see non-English news...

Mysterious structures in the desert: Is China about to test new nuclear missiles?

2021-07-29T14:47:57.460Z

Strange excavations 1,900 km from Beijing, captured by satellites, could be 110 launch silos. Strange excavations 1,900 km from Beijing, captured by satellites, could be 110 launch silos. William J. Broad David E. Sanger 07/29/2021 11:15 Clarín.com World Updated 07/29/2021 11:15 AM In an arid desert, some 1,900 kilometers west of Beijing, the Chinese government is excavating new terrain of what appears to be 110 silos for launching nuclear missiles. It is the second field of its kind



Strange excavations 1,900 km from Beijing, captured by satellites, could be 110 launch silos.

William J. Broad

David E. Sanger

07/29/2021 11:15

  • Clarín.com

  • World

Updated 07/29/2021 11:15 AM

In an arid desert, some 1,900 kilometers west of Beijing, the Chinese government

is excavating

new terrain of what appears to be 110 silos for launching nuclear missiles.

It is the second field of its kind discovered by analysts studying commercial satellite images in recent weeks.

It may be a vast expansion of China's nuclear arsenal: an economic and technological superpower's eagerness to show that, after decades of containment, it is ready to wield

an arsenal the size of Washington's or Moscow's

.

Or it may simply be

a

creative, albeit costly, negotiating

tactic

.

There to be seen

Clearly, new silos are built to be discovered.

The most recent, whose construction began in March, is in the eastern part of Xinjiang province, not far from one of China's notorious "re-education" camps, in the city of Hami.

It was identified late last week by nuclear experts from the Federation of American Scientists, using images from

a fleet

of Planet Labs

satellites

, and shared with The New York Times.

For decades, since its first successful nuclear test in the 1960s, China has maintained a

"minimal deterrent" force

, which most outside experts estimate at around 300 nuclear weapons.

(The Chinese do not say so, and the US government's assessments are confidential.)

Satellite photos show the construction of silos in the desert.

Photo: Planet Labs Inc. via The New York Times

If that is accurate, it is

less than a fifth of

the number shown by the United States and Russia, and in the nuclear world, China has always presented itself as a country that occupies a kind of

moral ground

and avoids costly and dangerous arms races.


But that seems to be changing with the government of President Xi Jinping.

At the same time that China

cracks down

on

dissent

at home, asserts new control over Hong Kong, threatens Taiwan, and makes much more aggressive use of cyber weapons, it is also heading into new territory with nuclear weapons.

"The construction of silos in Yumen and Hami constitutes the most important expansion of the Chinese nuclear arsenal in history," wrote Matt Korda and Hans M. Kristensen in a study on the recent field of silos.

For decades, they note, China has operated

about 20 silos for

large liquid-fuel

missiles

, called DF-5s.

But the newly discovered field, combined with another hundreds of miles away in Yumen, in northeast China, which was discovered by the James Martin Center for Non-Proliferation Studies in Monterrey, California, will provide the country with 230 new silos.

The existence of that first field, of about 120 silos, was previously reported by

The Washington Post

.

The mystery is

why China's strategy has changed.

Theories


There are various theories.

The simplest is that it now

sees itself as a

broad spectrum economic, technological and military

superpower

and wants to have an arsenal commensurate with that status.

Another possibility is that China is

concerned

about America's increasingly effective missile defenses and

India's nuclear development

, which has been very accelerated.

There is also the announcement of new hypersonic and autonomous weapons by Russia and the possibility that Beijing aspires to a more effective deterrent scheme.

A third possibility is that China is concerned that

its few land-based missiles

are vulnerable to attack, and by building more than 200 silos, spread over two locations, it can play the game of appearances, moving 20 missiles or more

from side to side. another

and make the United States guess where they are.

The technique is as old as the nuclear arms race.

Silos are built in remote areas but within sight of US satellites Photo: Planet Labs Inc. via The New York Times

"Just because they build the silos doesn't mean they have to fill them all with missiles," observes Vipin Narang, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology specializing in nuclear strategy.

"They can move them from one place to another."

And, of course, they can negotiate them.

It is possible that China believes that sooner or later it will be dragged into arms control negotiations with the United States and Russia, something that former President Donald Trump tried to force during his last year in office, when he said he would not renew the new Treaty of Strategic Arms Reduction START with Russia

unless it included China,

which has never participated in nuclear weapons control.

The Chinese government dismissed the idea at the time, saying that if the Americans were so concerned, they should reduce their arsenal by four-fifths

to Chinese levels.

The result was a stalemate.

At the end of the Trump administration, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and his arms control envoy Marshall Billingslea wrote, "We have asked Beijing for transparency and to join the United States and Russia in crafting a new gun control agreement. weapons covering all categories of nuclear weapons. "

Military parade with missiles in Beijing.

Photo: The New York Times

"It is time for China to

stop posing

and start behaving responsibly," they both wrote.

But the Biden administration concluded that it was unwise to let the New START with Russia expire simply because China refused to join. Once in office, President Joe Biden moved swiftly to renew the treaty with Russia, but his administration has said that at some point it

wants China to enter into some kind of agreement.

Those talks have not started yet.

US Undersecretary of State Wendy Sherman traveled to

 China

this week for the first visit by a high-level US diplomat since Biden took office, but it is not clear that nuclear weapons are on the agenda.

Sherman then spearheaded nuclear talks with Russia. At the White House, the National Security Council declined to comment on indicators of Chinese arsenal expansion.


Wendy Sherman and Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Riabkov in Geneva.

Photo: EFE

American spy satellites likely picked up on the new construction months ago.

But it all became public when Matt Korda, a research analyst with the Federation of American Scientists, a private Washington group, used images from civilian satellites to

examine the arid hinterland

of Xinjiang Province, a rugged area of ​​mountains and deserts. from northwestern China.

Korda

was on the hunt

for visual evidence of the silo construction that matched what the researchers had already discovered.

In February, the Federation of American Scientists reported the expansion of missile silos at a military training ground near Jilantai, a city in Inner Mongolia.

The group found 14 new silos under construction.

Then came the discovery in Yumen.

When scanning the wilderness of Xinjiang province, Korda specifically looked for

inflatable domes

, not unlike those that house some tennis courts.

Chinese engineers place them on top of underground missile silos construction sites

to hide the work

underneath.

Suddenly, about 250 kilometers northwest of the newly discovered base, the investigator

found a series of inflatable domes

almost identical to the ones in Yumen, where there turned out to be another sprawling military site.

Forbidden to pass

This new establishment is in a remote area that the Chinese authorities

have isolated from most visitors.

It is located about 100 kilometers southwest of the city of Hami, known for being the site of a re-education camp where the Chinese government detains Uighurs and members of other minority sectors.

And it's about 420 kilometers east of a neat complex of buildings with wide roofs that can open up to the sky.

The site was recently identified by specialized analysts as one of five military bases where Chinese forces have mounted lasers that can fire concentrated beams of light

at reconnaissance satellites

, mostly sent by the United States.

Lasers

blind or deactivate

the fragile optical sensors.

In collaboration with his colleague Hans Kristensen, a weapons expert who heads the group's nuclear information project, Korda used satellite photos to explore the site.

According to the report of both, the new silos are a little less than

3 kilometers from each other

.

Overall, the work adds, the sprawling construction site covers about 780 km2, a similar size to the Yumen base, also in the desert.

Professor Vipin Narang notes that the two new silo fields give the Chinese government

"many options".

"It's not crazy," he says.

"They make the United States target a lot of silos

that could be empty

. They can fill these silos little by little if they need to increase their strength. And they get an advantage in gun control."

"I'm surprised they didn't do this a decade ago," he concludes.

The authors are journalists from The New York Times

ap


Look also

Joe Biden's tough threat to Russia: "We will end in a war"

Constant cyberattacks: the key to a new era

Source: clarin

All news articles on 2021-07-29

Similar news:

You may like

Life/Entertain 2021-07-27T15:13:24.067Z
News/Politics 2021-09-17T20:19:01.133Z
News/Politics 2021-07-27T09:55:23.758Z

Trends 24h

News/Politics 2021-10-13T07:58:05.911Z
News/Politics 2021-10-13T08:27:30.881Z

Latest

© Communities 2019 - Privacy