07/29/2021 7:43 PM
Updated 07/29/2021 7:50 PM
The new president of
, the leftist Pedro Castillo, sworn in this Thursday the legislator
as chief of the cabinet, in a ceremony with foreign leaders at the site of the historic battle of Ayacucho in 1824, a day after his inauguration in a climate polarized.
Castillo began his five-year term in the midst of the hopes of thousands of compatriots, but also the concern of many Peruvians who
fear a sharp turn towards socialism
after decades of liberal policies.
Thousands of local inhabitants gathered at the site of the battle, who witnessed the swearing in of Bellido,
a 41-year-old electronic engineer, with no experience in public office
and of peasant origins such as Castillo.
Peruvian media indicated that the prosecution had investigated Bellido for
alleged "apology to terrorism"
, by statements in an interview in April, before he assumed his seat in Congress on Friday, which grants him immunity.
Pedro Castillo greets supporters during a symbolic swearing-in ceremony, this Thursday in Pampa de la Quinua, in Ayucucho (Peru).
Bellido's appointment "is a message that polarizes," reacted radical right-wing legislator Alejandro Cavero, in statements to Lima's RPP radio.
Castillo, 51, also planned to take the oath on Thursday night to the other 18 ministers who will accompany him, reported the Presidency.
Bellido must appear before a month before Congress to
a vote of confidence in
the new cabinet.
If rejected, Castillo will have to appoint another prime minister and reorganize the cabinet.
Keiko Fujimori Warning
At his inauguration, Castillo announced that he will send to Congress
a bill to reform the Constitution
, which favors economic liberalism and was promulgated in 1993 by President Alberto Fujimori, the imprisoned father of his rival in the June 6 ballot, Keiko Fujimori .
Keiko responded by saying that his party, Fuerza Popular, "will be a firm retaining wall in the face of its
latent threat of a new communist constitution
while dozens of his supporters demonstrated in the streets against the new ruler, a rural teacher from the poor. northern region of Cajamarca.
Right-wing leader Keiko Fujimori warned that her party will be a brake on Pedro Castillo in Congress.
"We will insist on this proposal, but within the legal framework that the Constitution provides. We will have to reconcile positions with Congress," said
Castillo, whose Peru Libre party has only 37 of the 130 seats
The second bench is Fuerza Popular, with 24.
Castillo also announced in his inauguration that he will not direct the country from the Palace of Pizarro, the government house, since he plans to turn it into a museum, and promised that at the end of his term he will resume his "usual teaching tasks", alluding to the fact that
he does not intend to perpetuate himself in power
Castillo and several foreign dignitaries participated this Thursday in the
ceremony in the Pampa de la Quinua,
scene of the battle of Ayacucho on December 9, 1824, which sealed the independence of Peru and the rest of Spanish America.
The site of the battle is situated 3,400 meters above sea level and a marble obelisk commemorates the patriot victory.
Pedro Castillo was sworn in at a ceremony in Pampa de la Quinua, a historic place in Peru.
Signal to the markets
The appointment of the cabinet should send a signal to the markets, which became uneasy after the announcement of the constitutional reform even though this was a campaign promise.
The reform causes "more instability" and "a climate of mistrust," the head of the Peruvian business leadership organization (Confiep), Óscar Caipo, told RPP radio.
"The cabinet, I believe, is going to be broadly led by the state, not sectarian," said Otero, a former adviser to the late President Alan García.
Supporters of Pedro Castillo, in the symbolic ceremony this Thursday in Ayacucho, in the Peruvian Andes.
Castillo reiterated in his first message that he will not make expropriations, although he clarified that he will promote a "new pact with private investors."
The president has the challenge of reactivating
an economy hit hard by the pandemic,
which sank 11.12% in 2020, as well as ending the political upheavals that led the country to have three presidents in November 2020.
Gesture to Venezuela
Hours after Castillo's swearing in, the Foreign Minister of the Venezuelan government of Nicolás Maduro, Jorge Arreaza, arrived in Lima, whose visit marks
a turn in
, which in 2019 recognized the opposition Juan Guaidó as Venezuelan interim ruler, like others 60 countries.
Arreaza was present at the ceremony in Ayacucho, where Castillo called on national and local authorities to "get down to work for Peru."
Venezuela was a recurring theme in the ballot campaign, as the candidate Fujimori claimed that her adversary intended to follow in Maduro's footsteps.
Castillo denied being "Chavista" or wanting to copy the Venezuelan model.
Castillo's swearing in Lima was attended by King Felipe VI of Spain, five presidents (Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile and Ecuador) and two vice presidents (Brazil and Uruguay), as well as an envoy from the US president, Joe Biden, the secretary of Education, Miguel Cardona.
Pedro Castillo announced the military service for unemployed youth after assuming as president of Peru
Asunción de Pedro Castillo in Peru: What is and where is Pampa de la Quinua?