The hitherto robed colonel Begoña Aramendía, recently promoted to general.
Begoña Aramendía Rodríguez de Austria, 55, colonel of the legal body, has become the second woman general of the Spanish Armed Forces.
At the proposal of the Minister of Defense, Margarita Robles, the Council of Ministers approved his promotion to general robed on Tuesday and it is expected that he will assume the leadership of the legal advice of the Army.
The first woman to be promoted to general in Spain was Patricia Ortega García, two years ago, in July 2019. She is currently deputy director general of Terrestrial Systems of the INTA (National Institute of Aerospace Technology).
Aramendía was born in Sidi Ifni (Morocco), in October 1965. Graduated in Law from the University of Zaragoza in 1988, she joined the Military Legal Corps in 1989, in the first class in which the entry of women was admitted,
He has held various legal advisory positions in different units of the Navy, combining them with teaching functions;
and, for 12 years, she has been assigned to the Prosecutor's Office of the Military Chamber of the Supreme Court.
Since 2008, she has held different positions in the central body of the Ministry of Defense, the last one as Technical Deputy Secretary General, from October 2019 to the present.
He has participated in four military operations abroad: Kosovo (2000), Afghanistan (2003), Bosnia-Herzegovina (2006) and Lebanon (2008).
"The first women we felt questioned, but we were successful"
First general in the history of the Spanish Armed Forces
"Reaching the generalate is a satisfaction, [because] it means completing a career and recognizing the effort of 32 years of service," said the newly promoted.
"As a woman it is a pride, I am aware that I am a reference for the women of the Armed Forces that come behind" and "it also shows that there are equal opportunities in the army," he added, according to the Ministry of Defense.
Between 2018 and 2019, Aramendía directed the Division of Equality and Support to Personnel of the Ministry of Defense, in charge of ensuring compliance with these policies among the military and civilian personnel of the department.
At present, the Spanish Armed Forces have 12.9% women, according to official data, which is two points above the average for NATO countries.
As of December 31, the Armed Forces had a total of 15,594 women.
The highest percentage occurs in the common corps, where they represent 32% of the total, followed by the Air Force (14%), the Navy (13%) and the Army (11.5%);
although the latter, being the most numerous, is the one with the most women in absolute terms: 8,900.
The highest percentage of women occurs in the troop and seafaring scale, the lowest in the ranks, where they represent 15% of the total;
but they are already 10% of the officers and 5.4% of the non-commissioned officers.
There are almost thirty female colonels and about 200 lieutenant colonels.
The average number of women among NATO armies is 10.9%. With a higher percentage than Spain are Hungary (20%), Slovenia (16.1%), Latvia (16%), United States (15.9%), Greece (15.4%), Canada and Bulgaria ( 15.1% in each case), France (15%) and Albania (14%), according to data corresponding to 2019.