The Venezuelan government and the opposition began a second round of negotiations in Mexico City on Friday, the aim of which is to get the country out of the political and economic rut, in particular through the opposition's participation in the regional elections on November 21.
Read also In Venezuela, the opposition falls into line
The two delegations met on Friday at 3:00 p.m. local time (8:00 p.m. GMT), according to sources familiar with the negotiations sponsored by Norway and which are expected to last until Monday.
We welcome the start of negotiations (...) We hope that this process will lay the foundations for the democratic outcome that Venezuelans deserve. We stand in solidarity with the Venezuelan people who are working peacefully to restore democracy,
”said Ned Price, the spokesperson for the US State Department, on Twitter as the United States seeks to oust Nicolás Maduro from power, which it does not. not recognize as legitimate president.
The camp of the Venezuelan president is represented in Mexico by a delegation of 11 people under the leadership of the president of the parliament - a key man in power - Jorge Rodriguez. He told Telesur on Thursday that his proposals would focus "
on the economic and social question (...) and on the return of resources that belong to Venezuela in order to meet the needs of the entire population
The opposition, whose leaders are divided, wants it as a priority to obtain "
conditions for free and fair elections (...) we are fighting for liberation and democracy, to get out of tragedy, in the streets or in Mexico.
“, Argued this week on Twitter the opposition leader Juan Guaido that some fifty countries recognize as president in office.
After confirming this week that it will participate in the elections for mayors and governors on November 21, the opposition will break with a three-year electoral boycott.
Participation in elections
She also reaffirmed the agreements established on August 13 in a memorandum of understanding during the first round of talks in Mexico City. Seven talking points were raised in the document, including political rights, electoral guarantees and a timeline for observable elections, a source close to the negotiations told AFP. The memorandum also includes aspects such as the lifting of sanctions and the restoration of rights, political and social coexistence, protection of the economy and guarantees of implementation, as well as the monitoring and verification of what has been agreed.
The opposition boycotted the 2018 presidential election, after which President Nicolás Maduro was re-elected, and the 2020 legislative elections, losing Parliament, the only power it had controlled since 2015. It accuses the power of frauds. President Maduro is seeking international recognition and a partial if not total lifting of sanctions in exchange for concessions to the opposition.
He hopes in particular to turn the page Donald Trump to negotiate with President Joe Biden, deemed more flexible than his predecessor in the White House. But, like the arrest followed by the release of the opponent Freddy Guevara, present in Mexico City, Maduro blows hot and cold. The government regularly denounces international sanctions, which include an oil embargo, as being at the origin of the serious economic crisis that the country is going through, whose GDP has fallen by 80% since 2014.