The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), led by Moscow and Beijing, must establish itself as a partner of the Taliban so that they keep their promises of the fight against "
", Russian President Vladimir said Friday (September 17th). Putin.
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The SCO, which brings together India, China, Russia and several Central Asian countries, aims to be a counterpart to American influence even if its concrete action remains limited.
"Facilitate the start of an inclusive dialogue"
It is important to mobilize the potential of the organization to facilitate the start of an inclusive inter-Afghan dialogue and also to block threats of terrorism, drug trafficking and religious extremism from this country,
" said Putin, participating by video in the SCO summit in Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan.
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The Taliban control practically all the territory of Afghanistan and the new Afghan authorities must be stimulated to keep their promises,
" he added, citing their commitment to "
establish peace, normalize public life and guarantee the safety of all
Chinese leader Xi Jinping, who also participated in the summit by video, echoed him, calling to "
encourage Afghanistan to put in place a broad and inclusive political framework
to resolutely combat all forms of terrorism
" and to live in peace with its neighbors.
Beijing shares a 76-kilometer-long border with Afghanistan.
Prevent the expansion of terrorists
Tajik President Emomali Rakhmon called at the summit to create "
a reliable safety belt around Afghanistan
" to prevent a possible expansion of "
Tajikistan has a border of 1,357 kilometers with Afghan territory.
Read alsoAfghanistan: the OIC fears that the country will become a "terrorist refuge"
For his part, Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan praised a "
rare opportunity to end 40 years of war in Afghanistan
", while calling on the Taliban to ensure the presence of all ethnic groups. within their government.
Iran, whose future membership of the SCO was approved on Friday at the Dushanbe summit, announced for its part that it would host a quadripartite meeting in October (Russia, Iran, China, Pakistan) on Afghanistan. .
Russia considers the Taliban movement to be terrorist, but has been in dialogue with it for years.
Moscow has been conciliatory since their seizure of power, because of their promises not to allow "
to establish themselves there, not to attack their neighbors, in particular the allied Central Asian countries. of Russia, and to curb the traffic in heroin and opium.