On September 21, 2001, 300 tonnes of ammonium nitrate caught fire in the AZF nitrogen fertilizer plant in Toulouse (Haute-Garonne), reducing the building to ashes.
The toll, 2,500 injured and 31 dead, will make the incident enter the collective memory of the country.
Twenty years later, the industrial risk prevention protocol has been refined, with success in certain cases, but the threat of major industrial incidents still looms large.
Read also Beirut: "compassion and anger" for AZF victims in Toulouse
Two texts give priority to the prevention of risks associated with industrial installations.
The first is a European text, the famous Seveso, which was initially adopted in 1982 and the third version of which was published in 2012. The second text is French and follows immediately from the explosion of the AZF factory: it is the “Risks” law, promulgated in July 2003. A law mainly marked by the implementation of a tool for controlling urbanization in the vicinity of certain high-risk industrial installations (the plans for the prevention of
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