The subject of Hartz IV is controversially discussed by the CDU, SPD and the Greens.
While Armin Laschet prefers a tough course, Scholz and Baerbock are striving for reforms.
Berlin - The three candidates for chancellor positioned themselves in the third and last TV triall before the federal election on Sunday (September 26th).
The issue of unemployment sparked a dispute between the CDU top candidate Armin Laschet and Annalena Baerbock from the Greens.
(Scholz or Laschet? You can get the latest forecasts and first results in our politics newsletter.)
Hartz IV: CDU Chancellor candidate Laschet wants to create jobs and maintain sanctions
The two politicians fought over the answer to the question of how to deal with the long-term unemployed and whether those who are unwilling to work can continue to be sanctioned by Hartz IV.
From the point of view of the Christian Democrats, the principle of “promote and demand” must continue to be used.
The debate is sparked primarily by one sentence: “Hartz IV is not a job.
We have to help people out of receiving social assistance, ”said Laschet.
According to Laschet, additional jobs are the cure for poverty, including child poverty.
“The biggest problem with work is when parents don't have a job
and that's why we have to do everything we can to get people back into work.
Most of the time, poverty was accompanied by a lack of employment, ”he said.
Hartz IV: Green Chancellor candidate Baerbock wants to abolish sanctions and increase the standard rate
Armin Laschet (r.) Argued in the TV triell with Olaf Scholz and Annalena Baerbock about Hartz IV.
© Willi Weber / Prosieben / dpa
Baerbock countered Laschet's statements. She insinuated that her opponent would rather distribute tax gifts to the “super rich” instead of worrying about how to “lift children out of poverty”. The Green Chancellor candidate wants to ensure that the financial support from the office "will be paid automatically in the future". Baerbock's party is also planning to increase the standard rate for the unemployed by 50 euros. “We want the rates to be more generous. We have to change something, ”said Baerbock. The Greens want to delete the sanctions against Hartz IV recipients.
SPD Chancellor candidate Olaf Scholz, who leads in all polls to the federal election up to a week before the election, held back a little in the debate.
But he also emphasized that the Social Democrats also want to introduce higher Hartz IV standard rates.
In addition, Scholz wants to work to ensure that “senseless and unworthy sanctions” are a thing of the past.
Hartz IV dispute with the CDU, SPD and Greens: Possible coalition negotiations threaten conflicts
Even after the end of the TV triad, the dispute over Hartz IV is not in sight.
Some of the party colleagues of the three candidates for chancellor have already clearly expressed their point of view.
If the CDU is considering a coalition with the Greens or even continuing the GroKo with the SPD, then Zündstoff is inevitable.
Friedrich Merz (CDU), who is part of Laschet's "future team", sees Hartz IV as "not a job title, but transition aid to the job market so that people can stand on their own two feet".
The Union's Secretary General, Paul Ziemiak, also affirmed that his party wanted to
"Getting people into good work and not parking in the social system".
SPD General Secretary Lars Klingbeil sharply criticized the CDU plans in relation to
: "If you don't already have enough money, you simply fall through the grid with the Union," said the Social Democrat.
Klingbeil's party colleague Ralf Stegner sees it similarly.
Stegner assumed that Laschet was “against higher minimum wages and everything that can do good work”.
Hartz IV: Economic expert sees advantages in sanctions
Even in the Green camp, there is little understanding for the CDU's line.
In the opinion of Sven Lehmann, member of the Bundestag committee for labor and social affairs, the current Hartz IV regulation is “unrealistic”.
He spoke out in favor of a “dignified guarantee”.
Meanwhile, Holger Schäfer from the Institute of the German Economy, which is considered to be close to the employer, told
that pressure from the office also resulted in pressure
Can achieve success: “Sanctions work.
Those who are sanctioned return more frequently to the labor market, ”explained Schäfer.
List of rubric lists: © Willi Weber / Prosieben / dpa