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Kandahar, the Taliban lung


A group of 12 businessmen and religious tried to ensure that the fall of the second city of Afghanistan was agreed and not by blood and fire

There is an orphanage on the outskirts of the city of Kandahar that reflects the harsh reality of the most violent province in Afghanistan.

In the complex, sponsored by the United Arab Emirates, children of the civil servants, the civilian population and the dead Taliban coexist.

Most of the 1,100 children, of whom 200 are inmates, are victims of the war.

The director, Mohammad Barat Hussein, 54, tells it during a visit, who assures that he has a waiting list of 800 people.

The kids - all boys - play soccer or watch television after class in peaceful, clean, and free facilities.

Nothing to do with what is lived out of doors.

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Kandahar, the quintessential Taliban fiefdom and spiritual capital of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, fell to the insurgency, like the rest of the country, last month.

This province, a constant scene of attacks, attacks and hundreds of assassinations almost always carried out by the Taliban, has been in the last 20 years one of the toughest bones to crack for the international coalition led by the United States that took to its heels in August. .

On Tuesday, August 17, the co-founder of the Taliban and leader of the political wing, Abdulghani Baradar, landed in Afghanistan.

He did it to cheers not in Kabul, the official capital, but in Kandahar, its capital.

Today he is the deputy prime minister.

A group of children watch television in an orphanage in Kandahar where most of the 1,100 orphans are children of civil servants, citizens or Taliban killed in the war. Luis de Vega

"The Taliban are not professional people, but when we call them they come and with the previous government it was all problems," says businessman Qari Gul Mohammed with satisfaction, who earns around a million dollars a year. He does not hesitate to say that, with them in power, he feels safer. In addition to having four companies that export nuts outside of Afghanistan, this influential 50-year-old businessman has been one of the negotiators between the Taliban and the deposed authorities. He was part of a group of 12 notables, six from the economic sector and six from the religious sector, who moved behind the scenes from one side to the other. An attempt to bring by the way of the pact what, in the end, was solved by shooting. In the midst of the fighting, he came to travel twice to Kabul to the residence of former President Hamid Karzai, originally from Kandahar,to try to help him in his mediation mission. He also spoke with the head of Defense of the government chaired by Ashraf Ghani. All while meeting the Taliban leaders.

Long time ago the night has fallen on Kandahar and a gang of laborers is busy moving hundreds of kilos of raisins by hand in a ship to be packaged.

They are some of the 300 workers that Gul employs for about 60 euros a month.

The machinery has not stopped even in the worst moments of the conflict, although it recognizes that with the local airport without international flights and the border crossing with Pakistan at half throttle, the task is not being easy.

In any case, both he and the rest of local businessmen are presented as a useful tool for the take-off of the internal economy after the country's accounts abroad continue to be blocked and international aid frozen, except for some allies, waiting recognition of the regime.

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In this city of 600,000 inhabitants - the second in the country after Kabul - it is not surprising that this small, kind and diligent man stops the interview twice to pray.

Nor that, no matter how pious he may be, what he is looking for is the best for his companies.

He clarifies, in any case, that 2.5% of his profit is dedicated to


(alms in Arabic), but that he has never helped the Taliban financially nor have they claimed it from him.

Qari Gul Mohammed, a Kandahar businessman who mediated between the deposed authorities and the Taliban.

Luis de Vega

He claims that the 20 years that have passed under the United States and the international coalition "we had money, but no security." Now he hopes to have both. In the worst days of the negotiations, he was detained for 48 hours by the secret services due to his proximity to the insurgency. But it was the provincial governor himself who was released, shortly before the Taliban took the government representative from his home and dropped him off at the airport to fly to Kabul. The taking of the city had been consummated and the agreement, according to Qari Gul Mohammed, was not to kill him. The same happened with dozens of officials and men of the Ghani government, including Mahmud Karzai, brother of the former president, whom this businessman says he even protected with his own


until the Taliban facilitated their departure from Kandahar.

"The only thing the Taliban are going to bring is peace and bread"

Sanaullah Momand, 24-year-old Bachelor of Public Administration

The conservative character of the city is reflected even among those more educated young people, who speak languages ​​and who do not embrace the new regime with their eyes closed.

"The only thing the Taliban are going to bring is peace and bread," says Sanaullah Momand, a 24-year-old graduate in Public Administration who works as an administrative officer at the university and who does not believe that this pairing is enough to maintain long-term stability. .

Momand has translated a score of books from English into Pashto, including some by Stephen Hawking.

Despite the pessimistic tone in his answer when asked about the new regime, he is attached to the deepest traditions anchored to


(Islamic law).

He is aware that cultural and religious differences create a gap with the West, but still recognizes that he would like to leave his country.

"Do Muslims who live in Spain also go to the beach naked?" Is just one of the questions that he asks the journalist along with others about the standard of living, family, job search or individual freedom.

But it is clear that for Sanaullah Momand to go in a bathing suit is to go naked.

For the vast majority of the inhabitants of Kandahar, with or without the turban men in front, too.

Shopping area in the center of Kandahar.

Luis de Vega

"The people of Kandahar do not want to be as liberal as in Kabul"

Kandahar is a stronghold of puritanism and deep religious convictions.

The new delegate of the Ministry of Information and Culture in the province, Noor Ahmed Sayed, makes it clear: "We are a traditional and Muslim society."

That means that some of the social and rights gains made in the past two decades will be frozen under the new government.

Sayed defends executions in public because he considers them exemplary and they are carried out under 'sharia' (Islamic law). Asked by the policewomen, about whose work there is more uncertainty than about sectors such as health or education, he affirms that those in the city were not from Kandahar, but brought from outside because local families refuse such occupations. "The people of Kandahar do not want to be as liberal as in Kabul," he ditches while noting some changes as there are some of them working at the capital's airport.

Indeed, it is unusual to see women on the street and much more to be able to even get close to them. That a reporter, male, foreign and recently landed does it is like sitting on the haystack and sticking the needle.

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Source: elparis

All news articles on 2021-09-27

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