Organizing the relationship between the worker and the owner of the facility in the private, civil and joint sectors, preserving his rights, ensuring that his work is carried out in sound health conditions, supervising the implementation of the provisions related to them, the employment of women and juveniles, and proposing occupations that may not be practiced or according to some health and technical conditions, among the tasks carried out by the Directorate of Labor in The Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor.
The Directorate of Labor, according to its director, Mahmoud Damrani, supervises the internal system of the facility and makes sure that the worker is involved in social insurance because it is mandatory and the employer and the worker do not have the right to agree otherwise, and every Syrian Arab citizen has the right to be included in social security, which is part of it.
Preparing an annual report on the results of the inspection visits carried out by the industrial labor departments of the directorates of social affairs and labor in the governorates and sending them to the central administration to be converted into decisions to impose fines against violators of facility owners is one of the most important works carried out by the directorate, where the number of fines decisions since 2016 Until 2021 (1458) decisions amounted to about 202 million Syrian pounds, according to Damrani.
Damrani explained in an interview with SANA that the inspection of the facilities is carried out either periodically within a pre-established plan, not less than one visit per year, or suddenly based on a complaint submitted by one of the employees, whether on the ministry’s website and without mentioning his name, or through the sub-directorate in the governorate. It is characterized by confidentiality, after which a committee consisting of a labor inspector, a social insurance inspector and a representative of the competent union pays an immediate visit to the facility and take statements from a number of workers. The matter is investigated and in the event of a violation, the necessary action is taken.
Regarding the mechanism of inspection of the facility, Damrani stated that the inspection card is presented by the committee, which in turn verifies whether the worker is a participant in social insurance and the existence of a work contract for the worker in three copies and one in English if the worker is a foreigner, and the term of the contract is specified within it, indicating that the worker may not be tested For more than three months and for one time, either the owner of the facility terminates his work due to its inadequacy or keeps it in addition to verifying the worker’s wage, which amounts to a minimum of 71,515 Syrian pounds.
Also, every establishment in which the number of employees is more than 15 must have an internal system approved by the Ministry, which is announced in the workplace in a visible manner that includes the terms and conditions of work, the obligations of the employer, the worker’s rights such as holidays and official holidays, periodic promotions, bonuses, and periodic wage increases, as well as highlighting the rights of the owner Work, obligations and duties of the worker towards him and the list of penalties according to the Director of Labor, who indicated that the number of internal systems approved by the Ministry amounted to 493 internal systems.
Damrani pointed out that occupational health and safety is one of the most important points to be inspected for compliance with the facility, as it is ensured that safety measures stipulated in the Labor Law are taken by assigning a specialist worker to occupational health and safety, and every facility has more than 15 workers that must be in it An occupational health and safety committee, and if the facility has branches in the governorates, there will be a central committee and sub-committees to be chaired by the facility owner or his representative.
Regarding the employment of juveniles and women, the director of labor clarified that it is not permissible to employ a juvenile unless he reaches 15 years of age or has a basic education certificate, and that he must undergo a medical examination that proves his fitness to practice work and is placed in the worker’s file, and that the juvenile obtains the approval of the guardian or guardian before starting work. Employing juveniles for more than 6 hours per day, it is also forbidden to work at night or assign them to additional work, indicating that there are 24 professions that children are not allowed to practice, such as working in slaughterhouses, explosives, solvents and dangerous professions that harm the child’s health. He is entitled to an annual leave of 30 days regardless of his age.
The Employment Law for Women issued by the Ministry in 2017, according to Demarni, also defined the jobs in which women are prohibited from working and working at night, with the exception of some administrative work, such as working in the media and of technical capacity, shops, liberal professions, theaters, music halls, private airlines, and tourism offices. Married women are entitled to obtain leave maternity.
Regarding requests to stop the total or partial work of the establishments, the director of labor in the ministry stated that it is not permissible to stop the establishment except by a decision issued by the ministry based on a request submitted by the owner of the establishment to the committee formed by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor, the Chambers of Industry, Commerce and Tourism and the Workers Union, and he must fulfill the conditions and reasons that It requires stopping the facility, otherwise the facility will be considered existing and the labor force is still working for it.
The selection of the inspector has specific criteria, as he must be a holder of a university degree in law or economics, have a good history, and have not previously been subjected to any penalties. Training, pointing out that the number of inspectors reached 60, and the ministry is working through competitions to increase their number.
Amer Deeb and Muhannad Suleiman