On the occasion of the Breast Cancer Awareness Month, which falls in October of each year, the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Damascus held a scientific symposium, during which the participants reviewed the latest developments, therapeutic measures and the psychological approach to early detection of breast cancer, in the presence of postgraduate doctors, a number of faculty professors and oncologists.
Dr. Raed Abu Harb, Dean of the Faculty of Human Medicine, stressed the importance of early detection of cancer, noting the quality of services provided by the medical awareness and detection centers in Syria in this field and their follow-up to the latest scientific findings in modern treatments for this disease.
Dr. Iyad Al-Shatti, a pathologist, reviewed in his lecture entitled “Cancer: Modern Perspectives” the reality of cancer in Syria since 2010, where breast cancers accounted for 30% of cancers in women, while prostate cancer constituted 5% of men, and in 2020, breast cancer constituted 39 percent. percent among women Due to the increase in awareness among women who underwent early detection tests during 2019 and 2020, prostate cancer has doubled to 9 percent and will rise in the coming years, according to his description.
Dr. Maher Sefu, Vice Dean of the College of Medicine for Scientific Affairs, pointed out during the symposium that early detection leads to avoiding the application of chemical treatments, with an emphasis on the trend towards managing the patient more than treating her, indicating that large percentages of recovery are similar as a result of early examination and exceeded 93 percent within five years without resorting to medical treatment. Chemotherapy.
In turn, Dr. Nisreen Khazem, an oncologist, explained that the preoperative treatment when discovering the patient’s tumor mass is a measure that can preserve the breast or be partial excision, noting that awareness campaigns and early detection showed early cases of breast tumors, which facilitated treatment and recovery because the tumor was investigated in its stages. First.
In a statement to SANA’s delegate, Dr. Issam Zakaria Al-Amin, Director General of Al-Mouwasat University Hospital in Damascus, explained that early diagnosis is a good warning for a high cure rate of up to one hundred percent in some cases, indicating that one woman in eight is at risk of developing breast cancer.
Dr. Al-Amin indicated that the hospital includes a specialized unit for breast diseases that provides all medical and consulting services free of charge to breast tumor patients through an academic medical team consisting of specialists in general surgery, oncology, radiology, psychological treatment and cosmetic surgery, so that the woman is diagnosed with the disease and the appropriate protocol for its treatment.
According to the World Health Organization, early detection, timely diagnosis and appropriate care for patients are pillars that guarantee a decrease in breast cancer deaths by 2.5 percent annually, equivalent to 2.5 million deaths around the world between 2020 and 2040, at a time when the disease records 2.3 million new infections annually, to be the first cancer among ladies.