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Russia suspended from UN Human Rights Council

2022-04-07T18:02:44.762Z


Questions remain as to the scope of this suspension, which is mainly symbolic. The United Nations General Assembly voted Thursday in New York to suspend Russia from the UN Human Rights Council, which is headquartered in Geneva. 93 Member States supported this measure, rejected by 24 others, including China, Iran, Syria, Belarus, Mali, the Central African Republic and Algeria. 58 countries abstained, including India and Brazil. It was a question, for the authors of the text,


The United Nations General Assembly voted Thursday in New York to suspend Russia from the UN Human Rights Council, which is headquartered in Geneva.

93 Member States supported this measure, rejected by 24 others, including China, Iran, Syria, Belarus, Mali, the Central African Republic and Algeria.

58 countries abstained, including India and Brazil.

It was a question, for the authors of the text, of gathering two thirds of the firm votes, “yes” or “no”, the abstentions not being counted.

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This procedure was triggered following the dissemination of videos and photos showing the massacres of civilians perpetrated in several Ukrainian cities by the Russian army, including the city of Boutcha northwest of kyiv.

A vote "more than symbolic"

In a joint statement, the foreign ministers of the G7 member countries, who introduced the motion for a resolution to the assembly, said they were

"convinced that the time has come to suspend Russia's membership of the Human Rights Council the man”

.

Opening the debates, the deputy representative of Great Britain had warned that a "

red cross

", synonymous with a negative vote, would remain

"engraved forever"

and that it amounted, quoting Elie Wiesel, to

"pulling the trigger »

.

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I think it was the right thing to do, after all these atrocities committed and these mass crimes,

declared shortly before the vote the French representative to the UN, Nicolas de Rivière on CNN.

The time has come to be accountable.

This suspension is necessary, but the international community must also do its job, launch an investigation and we will have to be present, there too

”.

This vote is "

more than symbolic

" , hammered the American representative to the UN, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, in an interview with public radio NPR on April 3.

He continues the task we started, which is to isolate Russia and hold it accountable for its actions.

What she is doing is not normal.

She will hear from all over the world that we will not tolerate her misinformation, her propaganda, at the UN.”

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Behind the scenes, at the New York headquarters of the UN, the question arose of the relevance of the maneuver, insofar as China, Venezuela, Eritrea, Sudan are also part of the Human Rights Council. man and have a damning record of protecting freedoms.

"Russia should conform to a higher standard

," said Linda Thomas-Greenfield.

She is a permanent member of the Security Council.

It bears the responsibility of behaving like a country which upholds the Charter of the United Nations and which cares about the values ​​of the United Nations.

Obviously, she doesn't

."

Only preceding, Libya

This is a suspension, by definition temporary, and not a definitive exclusion.

From a legal point of view, Article 6 of the 1945 United Nations Charter states that a Member State which persistently violates the principles of the said charter can indeed be excluded.

But the General Assembly can only vote on the recommendation of the Security Council.

The Russian veto makes the maneuver unthinkable.

And Russia itself cannot be excluded from the Security Council, as a growing number of observers are demanding, citing all sorts of arguments: there is no provision for this in the Charter.

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Before Russia, only one member state had been expelled from the Human Rights Council following a similar procedure: Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's Libya in 2011, for the violence perpetrated against opponents of his diet.

What interest does the UN still have in the face of the Ukrainian drama, given its impotence in the face of contemporary tragedies in Syria, Yemen, Libya and Burma?

“It is double”

, insists Dominik Zaum, political scientist at the University of Reading.

On the one hand its universality, with its 193 Member States, on the other the regular meetings of the Security Council

"make the organization a forum for discussions and formal and confidential negotiations without equivalent in the world"

.

Eventually, continues the expert, the General Assembly

“could approve bilateral and European Union sanctions, support investigations launched by member states and the investigation of Russian war crimes.

Finally, it could appeal to all its member states to support Ukraine's right to defend itself and the supply of arms to Kyiv.”

Source: lefigaro

All news articles on 2022-04-07

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