Gustavo Petro greets his followers after casting his vote, in Bogotá, Colombia. Iván Valencia
The left-wing candidate, who won the first round of the elections, is committed to continuing the peace process and a total change in the country's development model.
These are his main electoral proposals.
He wants to repeal the 2019 tax reform and start a new one that will increase revenue.
With that he says that he would already raise 20 billion pesos.
On occasion he has said that the 4,000 largest fortunes in Colombia have to pay more jobs.
The new expense of his program is 19.5, while the tax reform that he proposes is 50 billion.
Half of that, he says, should go to cutting the fiscal deficit.
It promises to comply with what was signed in 2016 and end the violence against its signatories.
“We will make the agreement come true with all its extension.”
Especially the comprehensive rural reform, with which it is intended to "democratize" the land.
He is in favor of resuming diplomatic and consular relations with Venezuela.
He would put an embassy in Caracas and reopen the borders with the neighboring country to promote the economy.
Petro proposes free public higher education and a total eradication of illiteracy.
For ages 0 to 3 there will be a universal and free kindergarten that complements education at home, especially for 2.7 million children at risk of exclusion.
In adolescence, she says that you have to actively look for out-of-school children and get them into the system with transportation and food.
At the top, she offers the same, and also creates a rescue plan for thousands of students trapped in credits from Icetex, the public company.
FOLLOW THE ELECTION DIRECT
Elections Colombia 2022: follow the second round live
He wants to put an end to the approach of prohibitionism, a failed model in the fight against drugs.
The country, according to Petro, must move towards a new paradigm in which producers from rural populations are not criminalized.
He will ban the spraying of glyphosate on coca crops and will promote the substitution of land for other economies.
There will be programs that guarantee a safe and decent income for the rural population, weakening dependence on the sale of coca or cocaine.
Petro wants to unify the pension system, which right now is mixed, public and private.
The candidate wants it to be mostly public, because those who earn up to four minimum wages must contribute to the public Colpensiones system.
The right to a pension will be a state guarantee and not the “private appropriation of benefits”.
See full results
He hopes to create health teams paid by the State that visit Colombians in their homes to prevent diseases.
It would create insurance for territorial health secretaries.
Petro is very critical of the EPS, the entities responsible for affiliation and provision of the mandatory health plan of the Subsidized Regime.
It proposes to make pacts for the protection of jungles and forests;
deep transformations to face the emergency due to climate change and the loss of biodiversity;
promises to carry out the energy transition away from fossil fuels;
defends a circular economy model based on responsible production and consumption, in which separation at the source, reduction and reuse of waste are maximized.
It proposes to move from an extractivist economy to a productive one.
A land more distributed and exploited by farmers.
There will be a requalification plan for workers in highly polluting and obsolete industries.
It will promote credits for entrepreneurs.
It will try to feed Colombians with the same products they generate.
It will promote the recognition of the informal economy and harmonious tourism, which will increase if there is peace in the country.
His is the idea of creating a minimum vital income for the elderly without a pension and single mothers.
Irresponsible men with the care of their children will be prosecuted and compensation will be demanded.
Petro proposes creating an anti-corruption prosecutor's office, as there is in other countries, to replace the Attorney General's Office.
In his opinion, right now the latter is a political police that has no other purpose than to persecute officials who are enemies of the president.
The Attorney General's Office would thus pass into the judicial sphere.
In addition, he wants to call an international commission to investigate the great cases of corruption in the country, such as the Odebrecht case, in which hardly any criminal responsibilities have been settled, unlike what has happened in other countries;
and eliminate the mediation of congressmen in public resources, which ends up becoming a nest of corruption, favors and perks.
Idea to create a Ministry of Equality that articulates empowerment policies for women, diversity of gender and sexual orientation, generational, ethnic and regional.
The elimination of economic, political and social inequalities between men and women and the nation as a whole between generations will be provided with public resources.
This ministry will also deal with the homeless, disabled and victims.
to the EL PAÍS newsletter on Colombia and receive all the key information on the country's current affairs.