The new crown epidemic has been going on for three years. Regardless of the closure of many companies according to statistics, the wave of layoffs experienced by many people, or the stop-and-go phenomenon caused by the epidemic control, it does not mean that the problem of unemployment has become more and more prominent.
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On September 16, data released by the National Bureau of Statistics of China showed that in August, the national urban surveyed unemployment rate was 5.3%, down 0.1 percentage points from the previous month. Down 1.2 percentage points, the surveyed unemployment rate for the 25-59 population was 4.3 percent, unchanged from the previous month.
From the perspective of data changes, the national urban surveyed unemployment rate in August has dropped significantly compared with 5.4% in July, 5.5% in June, 5.9% in May, and 6.1% in April.
The surveyed unemployment rate for the 16-24 age group also fell from 19.3% in June and 19.9% in July.
This is a positive signal, indicating to some extent that the overall situation of China's economy and employment situation have gradually come out of the predicament in the second quarter of this year.
However, the national urban surveyed unemployment rate of 5.3% and the 18.7% surveyed unemployment rate of the 16-24-year-old population are still worrying and are challenges to be addressed by the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China this year.
Affected by the epidemic, the unemployment problem of young people in China has become more and more serious.
(Xinhua News Agency)
The 200 million "flexible employment population" that cannot be ignored
You must know that behind the national urban survey unemployment rate of 5.3%, there are at least 200 million flexible workers.
The data of 200 million people is the flexible employment data released by the National Bureau of Statistics by the end of 2021.
Considering that the difficulties faced by the Chinese economy this year are significantly greater than those in 2021, especially the large number of business closures under the impact of the epidemic in the second quarter of this year, it can be expected that China's current flexible employment will only be more than the 200 million at the end of last year.
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Unlike some people who imagine that flexible employment personnel are mostly network anchors, according to the statistics of the "China Flexible Employment Development Report (2022)", "ordinary workers" are the most concentrated positions for flexible employment in enterprises, accounting for 45.6%, " "IT and other technical personnel" is the second group of flexible employment personnel employed by enterprises, accounting for 18.2%, administrative, human, financial, and legal affairs accounting for 3.2%, and e-commerce, film and television entertainment practitioners and network anchors accounting for 3.2%. ratio is only 0.8%.
In other words, among the 200 million flexible employees, although there is no shortage of high-income people, more of them tend to be ordinary jobs, such as ordinary workers in the construction industry, restaurant and hotel wholesale and retail industries.
In this regard, Hu Xijin, the former editor-in-chief of the Global Times, once wrote, "The number of 200 million people cannot be used as a propaganda for achievements, it is a reality, and there must be more helplessness and sadness than glory and joy." "Flexible employment is for most people. It is a last resort, so its participation should not be a boast, at least for now, and the focus should be on improving the quality of this employment.”
He wrote: "The "essence" of flexible employment is the product of the tension of the Internet, and it is indeed attractive, such as some video anchors, online writers who have both advertisements and rewards, etc., which not only release their personality but also earn money Money. But those people are definitely only a minority in the army of flexible employment.
Since this number is 200 million people, most of them are obviously temporary workers from all walks of life, or odd jobs, those people are faced with low income. Stability, weak protection of rights and interests, uncertain future and a series of problems
In 2020, Beijing citizens passed a closed Xueersi education and training institution.
One in five young people is unemployed
In addition, in the context of the overall employment situation is not optimistic, the unemployment problem of young people is particularly prominent.
While the August 16-24 census unemployment rate has improved from 19.9% in July to 18.7%, the 18.7% unemployment rate still means that for every five 16-24-year-olds, almost one are unemployed.
As early as April this year, when the unemployment rate of urban youth aged 16-24 rose to 18.2%, Lu Feng, a professor at the National Development Institute of Peking University, said, "I remember when my colleagues and I were researching employment issues for the G20 a few years ago, I saw According to the data from Europe and some emerging economies, the unemployment rate of young people reached 20%. I thought it was too unimaginable at the time.” .
Of course, considering that the rapid economic development in the past 40 years of reform and opening up has made most Chinese families have some financial background, and most of the parents and grandparents of Chinese young people have the habit of living within their means, frugality, and high savings, and have a strong concept of family responsibility and family affection. The impact of the unemployment problem on China should not be so prominent.
However, the situation is still grim. The unemployment problem of young people is directly related to social stability and the long-term stability of the country.
On May 18, Li Keqiang presided over a symposium on stabilizing growth, stabilizing market players and ensuring employment in Yunnan.
(screenshot of news broadcast)
As Hu Xijin said, "If the young children in a family do not have a job, the family will not live in peace." "It is also not a good thing for young people in a country to be unemployed." "If China's economic growth loses its due speed, then no matter what No matter how carefully we plan, the employment issue of young people will only continue to enter a deadlock, which is a fundamental problem.”
Employment is the foundation of people's livelihood and affects social stability
"Hong Kong 01" earlier wrote in the article "Unemployment of 16-24-Year-Old Urban Youth in Mainland China: 19.3%: A Disturbing Data": "When youth is stable, society is stable, and vice versa. The unique characteristics - vigorous, less anxious, full of passion, impulsive and rebellious, make young people's dissatisfaction often easy to affect the social order. No matter the experience of mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan or other countries in the world including Western countries It has been repeatedly stated that the stability and long-term stability of
society is closely related to the living conditions and mental states of young people .”
The article argues, “At a time when the problems of stratification, involution, and education, medical care, housing, and pensions still exist, the government and society should pay special attention to and resolve the plight of young people, before their negative emotions spread. Before affecting their confidence in the future of the country, make great efforts to improve their situation, and make their confidence and creativity the most lasting force supporting the country's progress."
Employment is the foundation of people's livelihood and is directly related to social stability.
In any society, no matter how good the propaganda is, once the unemployment problem breaks through the critical point, it will inevitably breed conflicts, cause social conflicts and hinder social stability.
This is a simple truth that has never changed.
The three-year-round impact of the epidemic and the combined effect of the "compositing fallacy" in the supervision of various departments in 2021, how many companies have closed down, how many people have been forced to lose their jobs, and have fallen into a crisis of stop-and-go.
This is also the reason why the social mentality and atmosphere in the mainland have obviously tended to be pessimistic and negative since the beginning of this year, and negative emotions have spread.
It can be said that the employment problem, especially the unemployment problem of young people, has become a difficult problem before the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.
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