Naturalization customer in Berlin
Photo: Fernando Gutierrez-Juarez / dpa
The chairwoman of the »Economic Wise Men«, Monika Schnitzer, has backed the reform of citizenship law planned by the federal government.
Easier naturalization strengthens the integration of foreigners living and working in Germany, said the chairwoman of the Council of Economic Experts to the newspapers of the Funke media group.
"In view of the demographic change and the increasing shortage of skilled workers and workers, this is definitely to be welcomed."
The Federal Association of Medium-Sized Businesses (BVMW) also endorsed the plans.
The dismantling of bureaucratic hurdles in the naturalization of software engineers and nursing staff could prove to be an important locational advantage for Germany in the long term, said Federal Managing Director Markus Jerger of the editorial network Germany.
The opposition, meanwhile, reiterated its criticism of the project.
The federal government wants to lower the legal hurdles for naturalization.
According to a draft by the Ministry of the Interior, it should be possible to obtain citizenship after just five years of residence in Germany, as was previously the case after eight years.
In the case of "special integration achievements", this should be possible after three years - for example if immigrants have shown special academic or professional achievements or voluntary work or if they have particularly good language skills.
The Union rejects the project, and there are also reservations in parts of the FDP.
Easier naturalization is agreed in the coalition agreement between the SPD, the Greens and the FDP.
The chairman of the FDP parliamentary group in the Bundestag, Christian Dürr, pushed for an overall concept.
"It's about organizing immigration into the German labor market," Dürr said on Monday evening in the "heute journal" on ZDF.
Germany must become a modern immigration country, and many things have gone wrong in the past few decades.
"Above all, unfortunately, we had migration into the social security systems, but we desperately need workers." Citizenship law must also be based on this.
The FDP domestic politician Konstantin Kuhle told the "Welt": "Even before the planned immigration law has been passed, the Federal Ministry of the Interior will present a draft law on citizenship law.
That's the wrong order.” FDP General Secretary Bijan Djir-Sarai had previously made a similar statement.
He does not see the time for a simplification as yet.
In the "Rheinische Post" he had referred to the lack of progress in the repatriation of people without a right to stay and the fight against illegal migration.
"The traffic light is making a serious mistake if it softens the criteria for obtaining citizenship," CDU General Secretary Mario Czaja told the Funke newspapers.
"Citizenship is not a Black Friday sale item."
Bavaria's Minister of the Interior, Joachim Herrmann, sees the migration policy of the traffic light in an imbalance.
"Each week, the SPD and Greens in particular send signals of an unlimited willingness to accept people all over the world - and this at a time when the number of new arrivals is rising dramatically and are increasingly pushing our districts and cities to the limit," said the CSU politician to the "Augsburger Allgemeine". .
"On the other hand, we hear practically nothing at all from the traffic light, what they actually do to return rejected asylum seekers and to combat illegal migration."
»The job market is more receptive than it has been in 30 years«
The head of the German Trade Union Confederation (DGB), Yasmin Fahimi, told the editorial network Germany: "When it comes to immigration, we finally have to move away from a prerequisite administration and towards a real welcoming culture." Easier naturalization is a positive signal to millions of people with a migration background in Germany and at the same time to all interested specialists abroad.
The head of the Federal Employment Agency, Andrea Nahles, emphasized the importance of immigration for the labor market.
"Because of demographic change, there is no scenario where we can get by without major immigration," said Nahles of the "Süddeutsche Zeitung".
On balance, 400,000 additional workers and skilled workers are needed each year.
Among other things, she called for a reduction in bureaucracy.
»The labor market is more receptive than it has been in 30 years, and people want to work, no matter what country they come from.«
To remedy the shortage of skilled workers, the federal government wants to enable people to immigrate by means of a point system, even if they can't show they have a job yet.
This emerges from »«Key points on the immigration of skilled workers from third countries«, which the cabinet wants to decide on Wednesday.
Third-country nationals “with good potential” should therefore be able to stay there to look for a job.
"We will introduce a job search opportunity card based on a transparent, unbureaucratic points system," the paper says.
Qualifications, language skills, professional experience, connection to Germany and age are named as selection criteria.