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After the SNCF Ouigos, which have been operating between Madrid and Barcelona since March 2021 and between Madrid and Valencia since last October, Italian-Spanish Iryos landed on the Iberian Peninsula on Friday to challenge Renfe, the historic company.
The arrival of a third operator makes Spain the country in Europe where rail is the most open to high-speed competition.
In France today, only Paris-Lyon hosts a player other than SNCF, the historic Italian company, Trenitalia.
This newcomer to Spain is a consortium, named Ilsa, between Trenitalia (which owns 45%), the Spanish airline Air Nostrum (31%) and the Spanish infrastructure specialist Globalvia (24%).
Ouigo had attacked Renfe's monopoly by betting on bargain prices, with average prices 50% lower than those of the incumbent operator.
Even if it means eliminating the first class, systematic in the AVE, the classic TGV from Renfe.
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