With a lot of kindness and promises of clarity, Emmanuel Macron wants to make people forget his diplomatic sidesteps.
On Tuesday, the Head of State chaired an international conference in Paris of “
” with Ukraine.
We will never deviate from this path of trust
,” he assured while his Ukrainian counterpart, Volodymyr Zelensky, listened to him gravely by videoconference.
It will be with us until the last day and well beyond.
This is the only choice that France can make
,” he insisted, as if to respond to those who wonder about France's line and reproach it for a certain complacency towards Russia.
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Any tyranny leaves ruins behind it
,” noted Volodymyr Zelensky from Ukraine.
He listed the list of destruction: hospitals, schools, thousands of buildings and the country's energy infrastructure.
40% to 50% of the energy network was destroyed by Russian bombardments, underlined the Ukrainian Prime Minister, Denys Chmyhal, present in Paris.
Forty-six countries and twenty-four international organizations participated in the conference.
As Ukraine asked for 800 million euros in aid, Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna announced after the conference a 1 billion euro effort to enable Ukraine to overcome winter challenges .
415 million euros will be devoted to the energy sector, 25 million for water, 38 million for food, 17 million for health, 22 million for transport and 493 million to be distributed.
- War in Ukraine: Macron wants to "help the Ukrainian people resist during this winter", thanks to the conference
Threat of a Belarusian attack
France, for its part, announced for 2023 an additional aid of 76.5 million euros, Germany 50 million euros.
Everything should be implemented before April.
Some 700 companies were also invited to respond to reconstruction needs.
Our country will not sink into the dark
,” thanked Denys Chmyhal.
The Ukrainian Prime Minister took advantage of his stay in Paris to meet the director of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Rafael Grossi.
The state of the Ukrainian power stations, mainly that of Zaporijjia on the front line, worries the international community.
But discussions to obtain the removal of heavy weapons from the site are still deadlocked.
The IAEA has announced the dispatch of missions to secure five Ukrainian power plants.
France will supply, with the IAEA, spare parts for the emergency generators of the Ukraine South power station
," the Foreign Ministry said.
While discussions have begun on the reconstruction of Ukraine and its economic future, the war must first be won.
We are going to have to fight all winter
,” Foreign Minister Dmytro Kouleba told an online press conference.
He asked for "
air and missile defense systems, ammunition, armored vehicles, mainly tracked
Ukraine needs more guns (artillery) to be able to stop the Russian offensives and continue its own counter-offensives
“, he recalled.
Despite its successes, the Ukrainian army remains under pressure.
On Tuesday, Belarus, a subordinate of Moscow, carried out a “surprise” inspection of its armed forces to assess their level of readiness.
The threat of an attack, even if the Belarusian army is a priori of poor quality, is sufficient to "fix" part of the Ukrainian troops.
On the battlefield, weather conditions dictate the pace of combat.
Each camp is waiting for a refreezing of the soil
", explains a French military source.
On less muddy ground, Ukrainians and Russians could be tempted to relaunch their offensives.
Russia seeks a "
" victory in Bakhmout.
Ukraine may be tempted to take advantage of its overall advantage to bend its adversary in the east of the country or south of the Dnieper.
Neither side is assured that time is not, in fact, on the side of the other.