The cold snap in France last week did not slow down the decline in electricity consumption observed for several weeks.
On the contrary, "
the downward effect is growing
", according to the weekly summary of the RTE network manager published on Wednesday.
The drop reached 9.7% - corrected for weather and calendar effects - compared to the average for previous years excluding the health crisis (2014-2019).
This is a more marked dynamic than the decrease of 8.3% observed the previous week, and 6.7% and 5.8% the weeks before.
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And yet, "
over the past week, temperatures were significantly below normal for the season, with a negative difference reaching 6.2°C on Sunday December 11
", notes RTE, which notes "
a change in trend compared to to the previous weeks, during which temperatures had been above normal for more than a month
What reduce electricity needs for heating in the tertiary and residential sectors.
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For the manager, the accentuation of the drop in electricity consumption confirms "
including during the cold period, the trend observed for several weeks, and the real effect of the sobriety actions taken by individuals and companies
Efforts demanded by the government, which, as part of its sobriety plan, aims to reduce energy consumption by 10% by 2024, compared to 2019. Over the last four weeks, the reduction in consumption in France rose to 9%, according to RTE.
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Last week's weekly report also confirms that the drop in consumption now affects all sectors.
After a decline was noted in industry in the autumn, “
the most recent figures – collected during the cold period of the first two weeks of December – show that the drop in consumption also concerns the residential sector (mainly in volume) and tertiary
", comments RTE.
Thus, last week, “
aggregated consumption of the residential and tertiary sectors (after adjusting for weather effects) was thus around 8.5% lower than the level of 2021
”, notes the manager.
Faced with soaring energy prices, the industry has also considerably reduced its consumption: over the last thirty days, withdrawals have reached 3,758 GWh, according to RTE, i.e. 15% less than over the same period between 2019 and 2021. The “electro intensives” sacrifice part of their activity.