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Reporter's Notes: Five Questions and Five Answers on the Beijing Epidemic


Entering December, all parts of China quickly adjusted the "dynamic zeroing" policy that had been maintained for three years, and began to substantially "coexist with the virus." Following the "20 Measures", on December 7, the government launched the "New Ten Measures".

Entering December, all parts of China quickly adjusted the "dynamic zeroing" policy that had been maintained for three years, and began to substantially "coexist with the virus."

Following the "20 Measures", on December 7, the government launched the "New Ten Measures". According to Zhong Nanshan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, at the "National University Anti-epidemic Lecture" on December 15, the tenth edition of the new crown diagnosis and treatment plan is in line with the The prevention and control plan will be introduced soon.

The general direction of moving towards full liberalization is clear, but the speed of the process has exceeded many people's expectations.

The reporter of "Hong Kong 01" personally experienced before and after Beijing's opening up and the peak of the first wave of infections, and combined with news from all parties, tried to answer the doubts of all parties with five questions and five answers.

One question: are we really ready?

Faced with the rush to purchase drug antigens after the liberalization, long queues at fever clinics in hospitals, lagging response guidelines after the epidemic, large numbers of infections among medical workers, and insufficient express delivery capacity, it is easy for people to give answers to this question.

In addition to these visible problems, as the peak of infection further expands, nursing homes and vast rural areas and small towns with weak medical conditions may expose more "inadequate preparation" problems.

On December 15, the "Economic Observer" published an article "Self-reports of Five Nursing Home Directors: Unable to Grab Antigen Drugs, Unable to Dial Emergency Calls, and Lack of Medical Emergency Plan", focusing on nursing homes, and through interviews with five directors, reflected more The real situation: "No one has informed us that we need to stockpile medicines, antigen test strips and other materials in advance", this is a question repeatedly mentioned by the interviewees; "The most hope is to establish a point-to-point green consultation between nursing homes and hospitals as soon as possible channel, to ensure and save the lives of proud people to the greatest extent”, this is the most urgent and realistic suggestion given by the interviewees.

With the adjustment of the epidemic prevention policy, the elderly group has become the focus of attention.

The picture shows the restaurant of Yanda Golden Years Health Care Center in Yanjiao, Hebei, where the elderly are queuing up to get their meals.

(Xinhua News Agency)

While acknowledging "insufficient preparation", we must also admit that in the face of the highly contagious Omicron, it is indeed difficult to achieve "safety" in a country with a large population like China, from a strict prevention and control model to a full liberalization. "Preparation", the actual situation is often much more complicated than the model deduction, and in the end we can only cross the river by feeling the stones.

Under the pressure of anti-blockade protests in various places triggered by the fire in Urumqi, how to balance epidemic prevention, development, security, and stability is a difficult move at this stage.

How effective the final balance will be depends on time and practice.

Second question: Has the peak of the first wave of infections in Beijing arrived?

Although after the liberalization of the epidemic, various parts of China have entered the peak of infection to varying degrees, but the epidemic in Beijing has attracted special attention.

From a national perspective, Beijing, which has its own attention, is not a pioneer in this round of "coexisting with the virus".

As early as November 30, when multiple districts in Guangzhou announced the lifting of all temporary control areas, Baoding, Hebei Province, a capital city in Gyeonggi, was already experiencing the impact of the first wave of the epidemic.

Hospitals are in labor pains—positive residents voluntarily remain silent—slowly resume their daily routines—pay attention to special groups, especially the elderly. This is the road that Baoding has traveled, and Beijing and other places are now moving forward along the same road.

So has the peak of the first wave of infections in Beijing arrived?

Although Beijing launched the "Beijing Antigen" mini-program for the public to report testing information, most people did not implement it, but only adopted the self-quarantine mode to tide over the difficulties, so there is no data in the strict sense as a basis.

The National Health and Medical Commission has also stopped publishing the number of asymptomatic infections starting on the 14th.

Based on the actual experience of the reporter of "Hong Kong 01" in Beijing, with the return of daily life, such as the resumption of some people in shopping malls, and the actual decline in the number of fever clinic visits in some hospitals, it can be roughly judged that the first peak in Beijing has passed and the first batch of infections The latter are becoming the main group of social activities.

Crowds queuing to buy medicine in Beijing.

(Hong Kong 01)

On December 17, Wu Zunyou, chief epidemiologist at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, made a research and judgment on the national epidemic situation at the annual meeting of Caijing on the 17th: from mid-December to mid-January will be the first wave of epidemics, and the first The wave is dominated by cities and will gradually rise; the second wave is from late January to mid-February. The movement of people before the Spring Festival caused the second wave of epidemics to rise.

The third wave is from late February to mid-March, returning to work after the Spring Festival.

These three waves of the epidemic constitute the peak of the new crown epidemic this winter, which lasts for about three months.

From this point of view, a bigger test is yet to come.

Three questions: Did the riders support Beijing to solve the problem?

With the surge in the number of infected people and the infection of many courier riders, a large number of couriers are stranded in Beijing. Riders are also an indispensable part of how to get through the "last mile" and deliver medicines to those in need.

In order to cope with the shortage of riders, Beijing issued a call for those who have the conditions to join the ranks of riders. On the other hand, Cainiao urgently recruited riders from Hebei, Tianjin, Chongqing and other places for support.

As a result, there was news such as "on the plane, at Daxing Airport, at the Capital Airport, there are courier brothers coming to Beijing everywhere".

But is the rider’s support for Beijing really a cure?

Under the impact of this wave of epidemics, all parts of China are facing a shortage of riders. Recruiting riders from other places has indeed solved Beijing's urgent need, but at the cost of sacrificing the actual capacity of other places in disguise.

A more effective way is to give full play to the power of social self-organization. In addition to calling on qualified people to join the ranks of riders, many communities in Beijing have established mutual aid groups to get through the "last mile" by themselves, and the surplus medicines Share it and send it to those who need it more.

With the surge in cases, the lack of rider capacity has become an urgent problem to be solved.

(provided by Shenzhen Micro Time)

The same scene was also prominently reflected in the "7.23" rainstorm in Beijing ten years ago. At that time, many private cars formed a convoy of love to transport people trapped by the rainstorm to a safe place, becoming a positive social force in the disaster.

For officials, it is also necessary to see another possibility of social governance, which has great enlightenment significance for how to promote governance modernization and social reconstruction after "coming out of the epidemic".

Four questions: How many people have died due to the new crown?

In the past few days, from time to time, the media or social platforms have exposed cases of death due to infection with the new crown, but the official did not report the latest death case until the 19th. This is also the first death case reported after two weeks.

According to the National Health Commission, on the 18th there were two new deaths from the coronavirus, both of which were local cases in Beijing.

At the same time, the number of severe cases also increased by 11 from the previous day.

However, the two senior media professionals mentioned in Caixin's earlier report died of the epidemic, which were not included in the official notification.

According to reports, Zhou Zhichun, former deputy editor-in-chief of China Youth Daily, died on December 8 at the age of 77.

The report quoted people familiar with the matter as saying that Zhou Zhichun was recently found to be positive in a nucleic acid test. The medical staff of the Beijing Hospital came to the door to sample again on December 6. Sudden arrest at 1:23.

Another media person is Yang Lianghua, a former famous reporter from People’s Daily. During the Beijing epidemic, Yang Lianghua started to have a high fever on December 10, and the antigen test was positive. Due to the decline in resistance, the bacterial infection in his lungs worsened. He was hospitalized in Chaoyang Hospital. He died two days after being rescued in the ICU, but the reports about him have been removed from the shelves.

Chinese officials cautiously report the number of deaths from the new crown infection.


Therefore, the official and private versions of the actual number of deaths due to the new crown may exist in parallel for a certain period of time.

The only thing that is certain is that with the surge in the number of infections, especially among elderly people with underlying diseases, more deaths will be a high probability event. How to save lives to the greatest extent at such a juncture and practice "life first" , the people first” is a test of the leadership and action of the Chinese government.

Five questions: Is "dynamic reset" wrong?

After the release of this round, many people can't help but wonder about the previous "dynamic clearing" policy.

CCTV's official account "Yuyuantantian" launched "Three Years: Three Questions and Three Answers" on the 15th, which responded to the common doubts of many people. The three questions include: Since many people will experience infection, why should we take strict precautions for three years?

Since the result is to let go, is it worthwhile to pay the economic price of the blockade?

Since the virus cannot be eradicated, what is the purpose of the three-year protest?

The answer given is also very indirect and clear: we have maximized the time for more people, we have saved people and we have saved productivity, and the three-year protest is to achieve better development.

Just like what the article said at the beginning, "Eating alone, when the third bowl of rice is full, can you say that the first two bowls of rice are useless, and only the third bowl of rice can be full? The same is true for this epidemic. , the development of the epidemic is not fragmented or jumping, and our prevention and control has always been continuous and systematic." "Hong Kong 01" in ""No Nucleic Acid, Freedom" China's Anti-Secretization Protests: Fiction and Reality" It has already been emphasized that from an official perspective, the original intention of maintaining "dynamic clearing" is also for the benefit of the public. Although there are chaos at the implementation level in various places, such as one-size-fits-all, layer-by-layer coding, and fraud by nucleic acid testing agencies, etc., it cannot be because of this. Negate the original intention of the government's administration.

In the three-year time period since the outbreak of the epidemic, it cannot be denied that China has indeed achieved early results in epidemic prevention and has also ensured a low mortality rate.

On the afternoon of January 25, 2020, the Wuhan Novel Pneumonia Prevention and Control Headquarters announced (No. 9) that starting from 00:00 on January 26, 2020, the central urban area will implement the ban on motor vehicles.

After the announcement, many citizens drove to supermarkets to purchase daily necessities, and some supermarkets also began to control the number of people entering.

(Visual China)

Now, seeing the rapid increase in the number of infections after the liberalization, we should realize how difficult it was to "dynamically clear" before, because when the responsibility for protecting health is handed over to individuals, people really feel the burden of responsibility. Everyone Behind him, there are old people and children.

As for the government that wants to cover 1.4 billion people, the responsibility can be imagined.

The unsustainability of "dynamic clearing" does not mean that the whole process is completely wrong. This should become the most basic consensus when we look back at the fight against the epidemic in the past three years.

Li Shulei, the current head of the Central Propaganda Department, wrote in his early articles, "For our history, for the revolution and revolutionary culture in history, if we cannot face them calmly and with justice, then we will not be able to face ourselves correctly. , Arrange ourselves. Even for those things that have been judged as evil, we must try our best to overcome our own emotions to understand its own contradictions and complexity, to understand its causes and conditions and even the good conditions it contains, otherwise we will still If you can’t get out of its shadow, you may still run into it and die on it; the sentence can only be serious if it is just, and the ghost can only be dispelled if you speak it through.” Regarding the epidemic we have experienced together However, it is still too early to "sentence" at present, and how to "get out of the shadows", only by "telling it clearly" can we truly "dispel it".

This is also the basic attitude that countries and individuals should have when reflecting on and summarizing the epidemic.

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Source: hk1

All news articles on 2022-12-19

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