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The queen who ruled for 70 years and the last leader of the Soviet Union: the personalities we lost in 2022 - voila! news

2022-12-31T08:21:18.562Z


Passed away in 2022 But in Britain: Queen Elizabeth II dies at the age of 96 (Credit: Reuters) Madeleine Albright: May 15, 1937 - March 23, 2022 Madeleine Albright, who was a feminist icon and the first woman in the position of Secretary of State in the United States, died of cancer, aged 84. The Jewish Foreign Minister was born in the former Czechoslovakia. She held the top job until 2001, during the tenure of fo


But in Britain: Queen Elizabeth II dies at the age of 96 (Credit: Reuters)

Madeleine Albright: May 15, 1937 - March 23, 2022

Madeleine Albright, who was a feminist icon and the first woman in the position of Secretary of State in the United States, died of cancer, aged 84.



The Jewish Foreign Minister was born in the former Czechoslovakia.

She held the top job until 2001, during the tenure of former President Bill Clinton.

Albright was considered a tough diplomat in an administration that hesitated to involve itself in the two major foreign policy crises of the 1990s: the genocide in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina.



After the Clinton years and the 1990s ended, Albright became a feminist icon for a generation of young women seeking inspiration in their quest for equal opportunity and respect in the workplace.

Albright liked to say: "There's a special place in hell for women who don't help each other."

Madeleine Albright (Photo: Government Press Office, White House)

Shinzo Abe: September 12, 1954 - July 8, 2022

Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, 67, was shot dead by an assassin during a speech he was giving in the western city of Nara.

He collapsed on the spot and was taken to the hospital bleeding, and a few hours later he was pronounced dead.



Abe was nicknamed "The Prince", in light of his family's rich political past.

His father, Shintaro Abe, was the foreign minister, and his grandfather, Nobusuke Kishi, was a prime minister himself.

He was first elected to parliament in 1993 and in 2005 joined the cabinet of Junichiro Koizumi, who appointed him to the senior position of cabinet secretary.

His meteoric rise peaked in 2006, when he became Japan's youngest post-World War II prime minister.



Abe was known for his hawkish stances on foreign and security issues, and for a long time tried to change Japan's pacifist constitution, which the United States imposed upon it after its surrender.

His opponents saw him as a revisionist nationalist, representing the attitude of the older and more conservative generation, which tries to cover up Japan's crimes in World War II.

Abe's supporters believed that he was a pragmatic realist.

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Shinzo Abe (Photo: GettyImages)

Mikhail Gorbachev: March 2, 1931- August 30, 2022

Former Soviet Union President Mikhail Gorbachev has died at the age of 91. He was the last leader of the Soviet Union before it fell apart.

He promoted a foreign policy that led to the end of the Cold War in 1991, and during his tenure he met several times with Presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush Sr. in order to end the nuclear arms race.

In 1990 he won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work.



Gorbachev managed to end the Cold War in the 1990s without bloodshed, but was unable to prevent the collapse of the Soviet Union.

He worked to realize partnerships with the Western powers to bring about the removal of the Iron Curtain, which had divided Europe since World War II, and led to the reunification of Germany.

Mikhail Gorbachev (Photo: Reuters)

Queen Elizabeth II: 21 April 1926 - 8 September 2022

Queen Elizabeth II - the second-longest reigning monarch in history - passed away in September at Balmoral Castle in Scotland, with her closest family members by her side, aged 96.



During her 70-year reign, Elizabeth II transformed the royal household into a modern institution and witnessed enormous social changes, royal marriages and births, tragedies - and of course many juicy scandals.

For most Britons, she was the only monarch they knew.



The Queen's death - the most covered death this year - was marked by ten days of mourning and one of the most elaborate and secured funeral processions in modern history.

The death triggered an unprecedented outpouring of collective grief and sorrow among the British people, alongside criticism of the Queen's active role in the colonial era.



Elizabeth II probably met more people than any other person in history, and her portrait, which appeared on coins, banknotes and stamps, was among the most copied in the world.

Queen Elizabeth II (Photo: Reuters)

Jiang Zemin: August 17, 1926 - November 30, 2022

Jiang Zemin, President of China from 1993 to 2003, died at the age of 96 due to leukemia in the city of Shanghai.

Deze-min came to power after the suppression of the popular protests in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, in June 1989. The senior regime decided to replace the previous general secretary, Zhao Deze-yang, who was perceived as too liberal.

In March 1993, Jiang was elected president, and in 1997 he became the leader of the People's Republic of China.



Under his leadership, the Chinese economy grew at a rapid rate of 8% per year.

This progress is credited to the policies that Jiang introduced, a policy that advocates a market economy with strict party control.

Jiang's legacy was also reflected in China's admission to the World Trade Organization as well as its selection to host the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

In the center: Jiang Zemin (Photo: GettyImages)

On the other hand, Jiang was severely criticized by various human rights organizations for not implementing social and political reforms in China.

Throughout his tenure, Jiang worked to strengthen the party's control over the nation and preserve its ruling position.

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Source: walla

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