The Bureau of Innovation, Technology and Industry announced the "Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Development Blueprint" last Thursday (December 22), which is determined to "improve the innovation and technology ecosystem and promote Hong Kong's "new industrialization"", "strengthen the innovation and technology talent pool, and enhance development momentum." ", "Promote the development of the digital economy and build a smart Hong Kong" and "Actively integrate into the overall development of the country and build a bridge connecting the Mainland and the world" to promote development.
For the general public, these policy slogans have nothing to do with them, but for Ma Song Ruowen, who came to Hong Kong from the Mainland, just graduated from a master’s degree, and is engaged in research on digital economy and innovation and entrepreneurship at the Chinese University of Hong Kong’s School of Social Sciences, the painting “Blueprint” A different future.
In 2022, life will not be easy.
Many young people leave their hometowns, but many more young people stay to guard their homes. They still have all kinds of dreams, hoping to share the responsibility with this city and go further together.
The job competition in the Mainland is under increasing pressure.
A blend of Chinese and Western
Ma Song Ruowen came to Hong Kong last year to study for a taught master's degree majoring in global political economy. During the period, he felt the great attraction of the academic atmosphere in Hong Kong, and became more and more interested in the research topics selected by the tutor, so he decided to develop here and follow the tutor to do research Work.
Against the background of the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Ma Songruowen's supervisor wanted to find valuable research points based on this background.
Ma Song Ruowen, who studies international relations as an undergraduate, believes that Hong Kong is very suitable for the study of Sino-Western relations, because it can connect both Western culture and mainland China. However, if the research is only done in China or Western countries, it may not be comprehensive enough. Only in Hong Kong, it will be more comprehensive. objective and pluralistic.
If she wants to delve into relevant issues, she will continue to obtain a doctorate. However, she has not yet decided whether to stay in Hong Kong for further studies or go to the United Kingdom and the United States, but she will eventually return to work.
Perhaps because he studied in Guangzhou for his undergraduate degree, Ma Song Ruowen, a northerner, finds it easy to adapt to the living environment in Hong Kong. Even though he can't speak Cantonese very well, fortunately, the university's research work is mainly in English, so the impact is not too great. big.
Having lived in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao for five or six years, Ma Song Ruowen feels that the government has invested a lot of money in the construction of the Greater Bay Area and exchanges between the two places.
She believes that when schools and research institutions receive financial support, more students will be attracted, because the promotion of research projects requires a large cost, especially some projects that require research.
In addition to financial support, she believes that the SAR government also attaches great importance to talent exchanges. For example, when studying in Guangzhou, the teachers of the school have participated in the Hong Kong internship program, and many Hong Kong students have gone to the local exchange; and when she was studying in Hong Kong, she also felt that The school actively provides a more international perspective for local and foreign students.
In fact, Hong Kong universities have always attached great importance to the indicators of internationalization. According to the "2022 Global International University Rankings" published by Times Higher Education, the University of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and the Chinese University of Hong Kong are ranked No. 1 and No. 1 in the world respectively. No. 3 and No. 9 are conducive to bringing together more talents.
According to the "2022 Global International University Rankings" released by Times Higher Education, the University of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and the Chinese University of Hong Kong rank 1st, 3rd and 9th in the world respectively.
(Image source: Times Higher Education)
Achievement transformation is
Among the many foreign students, Ma Songruwen noticed that mainland students are more willing to stay and work in Hong Kong after graduation, but few of them are engaged in research, but choose to join the financial industry or accounting firms.
Some of her classmates returned to the mainland after graduation, and returned to Hong Kong to work soon after. She believes that the reason why these students changed their choice of employment location is because they like and adapt to the atmosphere of Hong Kong on the one hand; on the other hand, there are more job opportunities in Hong Kong. The mainland job market is too competitive.
This year, the number of college graduates in the mainland exceeded 10 million for the first time. However, according to the National Bureau of Statistics, the urban surveyed unemployment rate of population aged 16-24 will rise to 19.9% in July 2022, and the latest October figure will drop slightly to 17.9%.
The actual employment situation may be more severe than the statistics. The "2022 College Student Employability Survey Report" released by Zhaopin shows that as of mid-April 2022, only 46.7% of fresh graduates have successfully applied for jobs, which is lower than 62.8% in 2021. The average contracted monthly salary is 6,507 yuan, which is about 12% lower than the 7,395 yuan in 2021.
The unprecedentedly bleak job market has made employment in Hong Kong a consideration for many mainland graduates. According to statistics from the Hong Kong Immigration Department, from January to September 2022, 9,252 people applied for the Talent Program, and a total of 1,853 people were approved, of which 95 % of applicants are from the Mainland.
However, Ma Song Ruowen also observed that some students hold a wait-and-see attitude towards employment in Hong Kong, because social changes in recent years have caused Hong Kong to be criticized in the Western media, and issues such as the blockade of the border have also increased the uncertainty of Hong Kong. The mainland is more stable.
Nevertheless, Ma Song Ruowen is still optimistic about the development of Hong Kong.
A few weeks ago, she participated in an innovation and technology exchange meeting organized by Legislative Council Election Committee member Li Haoran, and she felt more deeply that many policies are encouraging Hong Kong to strengthen its connection with the country and the world. "It sounds very motivating. ", also believe that Hong Kong is worthy of her stay.
However, Ma Songruowen said that to engage in research work in Hong Kong and the mainland, there are still many difficulties, such as the difficulty of transferring scientific research results, and the standards of the two places are not uniform.
The low conversion rate of scientific research has been a long-standing problem in Hong Kong universities. According to the "Hong Kong 01" report "Innovation and Technology Development Blueprint | Dialogue with Senior Academician Lu Jian: How low is the conversion rate of scientific research achievements in Hong Kong?"
〉, the total number of approved patents and intellectual property income of universities in Hong Kong obviously lags behind that of British and American universities, because the government lacks unified policy guidance to guide universities to do the work of industrialization of scientific research.
Ma Song Ruowen hopes that the government can provide more resources, lead students to participate in competitions and lectures, and help students conduct innovative research, so as to encourage more scientific and technological innovation projects to be implemented.
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