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Remember the beginning of the siege Israel today


The shortest day of the year: Today is the Tenth of Tebat fast • This is one of the four days on which Israel used to fast in memory of the destruction of the Temple • On this day the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar began the siege of the city of Jerusalem • It is also known as the "General Kaddish Day" in memory of those murdered in the Holocaust whose burial place is not known

From the dawn to the rising of the stars: the ten-day fast in Tevet takes place today in Israel (Tuesday).

During this fast it is customary not to eat or drink.

Unlike Yom Kippur, on this fast you are allowed to shower, wear leather shoes and continue your daily routine, including work.

The fast is a fast to commemorate the beginning of the Babylonian siege on the walls of Jerusalem, a siege that preceded the destruction of the first temple and the Babylonian exile.

The Ten of Tevet fast is the shortest of the year, lasting only 12 hours, compared to the other fasts which are longer, such as the Tisha B'Av fast and the Yom Kippur fast, which last 25 hours each.

This is one of the four days on which people fast in commemoration of the Holocaust: the Gedaliah fast, the 17th of Tammuz, and the 9th of Av. In 1950, the Chief Rabbinate of Israel decided to establish this day of fasting as the "General Kaddish Day", in memory of the Holocaust victims whose burial place and date were not known.

Below are the times of entry and exit of the TSFJ fast: 

On this day, members of the families of the deceased usually hold a memorial service, say Kaddish and learn Mishnahs for the uplifting of their souls.

With the establishment of the state, a proposal was made to establish another day of fasting in memory of the Holocaust, but the ultra-orthodox rabbis strongly opposed this, and therefore the fast was established as a day of remembrance for the murdered, and is observed in synagogues and schools in Israel. 

Strengthen the walls of Jerusalem 

According to tradition, on this day Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, began the siege of Jerusalem in 588 BC.

The siege ended a year and a half later, with the destruction of the first High Court and the departure of the people of Israel into exile for 70 years. Even today, thousands of years after this event, many throughout Israel and the world still celebrate the destruction of the House of God by fasting.

Rabbi Zvi Yehuda HaCohen Kook called on this day to strengthen the walls of Jerusalem and build the land "in spirit and in substance."

Also, this day marks the death of Ezra the scribe and the translation of the Torah into Greek, two events that took place in the 8th and 9th of Tevet.

In contrast to the major fasts, there are concessions for the sick and the elderly during the Ten of Tevet.

"In spirit and matter".

Rabbi Kook,

Rabbi Eliezer Melamed stated that the sick, and those whose pain or weakness do not allow them to continue their daily routine and are forced to lie down - they are allowed to eat.

Pregnant and lactating women are also allowed to eat and drink.

Soldiers engaged in security activities, which may be harmed by fasting, will eat and drink as usual, but soldiers during training must continue to fast.

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Source: israelhayom

All news articles on 2023-01-02

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