Wage growth in the euro zone should be "
" in the coming year, exceeding historical benchmarks and partly catching up with the unbridled inflation since 2021, according to an article from the European Central Bank (ECB) published on Monday.
Wage growth over the next few quarters should be very strong compared to historical trends
,” say the authors of an article published in the monthly bulletin of the monetary institute.
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This growth will reflect "
some catch-up between wages and the high rates of inflation
" observed since 2021, they note.
In the euro zone, the annual rise in consumer prices certainly fell below the symbolic bar of 10% in December after a year and a half of uninterrupted rise.
But the work of undermining prices on wages means that to date "
real wages are much lower
" than in 2019, "
before the pandemic
" of Covid-19, explain the authors.
In the second quarter of 2022, the real annual growth rate of wages was negative, at -5.2%, in the euro zone, according to their article.
This could lead unions to
demand bigger wage increases in future bargaining rounds
,” especially in moderate-wage sectors, the authors add.
A desire for salary increases
In Germany, the Verdi services union is currently demanding a 15% increase in wages for the approximately 160,000 employees of the mail giant Deutsche Post, and 10.5% for the 2.5 million federal state employees. and municipalities.
The strong future wage increases will also reflect the good health of the job market, despite the slowdown in the economy, notes the ECB.
Gross wages in the euro zone are expected to have increased by 4.5% in 2022 and are expected to grow by 5.2% this year, according to the latest ECB forecasts.
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In an interview with Le Monde, published on 22 December, the Vice-President of the ECB, Luis de Guindos, said he expected a "
" catch-up in inflation, but ruled out "
for the moment
" a "
” which would be harmful to bring inflation down to 2%, the ECB's target.
In the medium term, “
” will again affect wage growth due to the economic slowdown and uncertainty amid the Russian war in Ukraine, the authors of the ECB article conclude.