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Inflation jumped to 5.2% on average over 2022 in France, according to INSEE


The national statisticians published, this Friday morning, their final estimate of inflation in December over one year.

The year 2022 did end with record inflation.

This Friday morning, INSEE indicated that price increases had reached 5.2% on average over the year in 2022, after 1.6% in 2021. In the month of December alone, inflation increased by 5.9% over one year.

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The year that has just ended has been particularly turbulent in terms of inflation: prices soared almost continuously between July 2021 and July 2022, with a sharp acceleration in the first half of the year, generated by the explosion in the prices of energy.

The second part of the year was more mixed: a slowdown at the start of the school year, then a peak in October, followed by a lull until December.

Inflation expected to rise in early 2023

Disappearance of discounts at the pump granted by the State and TotalEnergies, reduced tariff shield on gas and electricity... The first months of 2023 will be marked by new increases in energy prices.

What weigh on the budget of economic actors, while fuel prices logically jumped in early January, following the removal of rebates.

In its latest macroeconomic projections, published in December, the Banque de France wrote to expect a peak in inflation "

in the first half

of the year ", between 7% and 8%.

For its part, INSEE was counting on a peak of “

7% over one year in January and February

”, then maintained by the rise in the price of tobacco and that of food products.

However, this acceleration should remain temporary, as energy prices are well below the record levels observed in recent months.

Barring any surprises, 2023 will be the year of a gradual slowdown in price increases, according to experts.

The various projections also agree on the less and less significant weight of energy in the rise in prices, while food products, services and manufactured goods have taken over in the overall indicator.

The Banque de France thus expects a "

gradual but clear decline over the rest of the year

", banking on an inflation rate of around 4% at the end of the year in France.

For national statisticians, prices will “

gradually decline

” after the first quarter, until reaching “

about +5.5% in June


The European Commission, for its part, expects inflation to be set at 4.4% for Paris this year.

Read alsoThe signs in combat gear to cushion inflation

Same observation for the ECB: "

HICP growth should remain extremely strong over the coming months before slowing steadily throughout 2023, driven by energy-related base effects and an easing of tensions in upstream, and supported by the measures taken by the public authorities

”, cautiously advance the analysts of the Central Bank.

In the euro zone, the rate should drop below the 4% mark by the end of the year.

As in 2022, France would be among the nations least affected by soaring prices.

With a cost for public finances.

Source: lefigaro

All news articles on 2023-01-13

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