At present, there is insufficient support for caregivers in Hong Kong. A survey found that during the epidemic, caregivers who did not work had to spend up to 60 hours a week on average taking care of patients at home.
The survey also found that the majority of working caregivers feel extra work pressure in the workplace, and more than one-third of them think that it is easy to be discriminated against in the workplace.
The responsible investigation pointed out that the current government lacks measures to reduce the pressure on caregivers, and suggested that the government should formulate policies that are kind to caregivers.
The Faculty of Social Sciences of Caritas Institute of Higher Education conducted a survey on "Family Caregivers of Patients with Terminal Illness" in 2021. Through questionnaires and interviews, 409 caregivers were interviewed, half of whom were employed and half of them were non-employed.
Among them, more than 70% of the respondents are married women, and 75% of them are over the age of 50; the other half have a college degree or above.
Among the working people interviewed, more than 70% became employees, and about 60% of them had to work more than 40 hours a week, while the non-employed people were mainly family caregivers and retirees.
Most of the elderly suffer from degenerative diseases
As for the patients, nearly 80% of them are over 60 years old; about 40% of the patients are mainly suffering from degenerative diseases and advanced cancer, and the rest are mostly uncontrolled diabetes and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc., and another 65% The patient has difficulty taking care of himself.
Non-employed people spend more time in caregiving Self-employed people and family caregivers are more stressed
In terms of patient care time, respondents spent an average of 40 hours a week caring for patients.
Among them, family caregivers and the unemployed spend an average of 60 hours a week caring for patients, while employed respondents spend an average of 27 hours.
As for stress, the research team used the Kingston Caregiver Stress Scale to measure the strength of the respondents, and found that the average stress score of the respondents was 26 points; among them, the self-employed and family caregivers were more stressed, and the average stress level was 26 points. About 27 points.
The survey also looked at the situation of working caregivers in the workplace, and found that nearly 80% of working caregivers felt extra work pressure due to taking care of patients in the workplace, and about 40% of them said that they were often discriminated against.
Establishing a caregiver-friendly workplace can make a difference in the division of labor between men and women
Lai Zhijun, associate professor of Mingzhuan practice, said that since the government lacks measures to reduce the pressure on caregivers of terminally ill patients, it is recommended that the Labor Department formulate guidelines for employers to allow employers to establish caregiver-friendly workplaces to reduce their mental stress.
In addition, the Hospital Authority, the Department of Health or non-governmental organizations can also provide service platforms, such as integrated websites or apps, to support caregivers.
Zhu Chongwen, the executive director of the Equal Opportunity Commission, also pointed out that most of the people who take care of patients with terminal diseases are women. They think that the division of labor between men and women can be deployed, so that men can also take part of the responsibility, so as to prevent women from shouldering the power of one person, so that their mental pressure can be relieved. relaxed.
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