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The governors deploy plans to separate their fate from the Casa Rosada


Five provinces have already suspended or eliminated the provincial PASO and 14 vote separately from the national elections.

With Cristina Kirchner out of the picture and with no national strategy in sight, the Peronist governors waste no time and concentrate their energies on guaranteeing mechanisms to try to retain their homelands.

Elimination of the provincial PASO, return to the Ley de Lemas and collector systems

are part of the electoral engineering that they design to survive 2023.

The elimination of the Simultaneous and Mandatory Open Primaries (PASO) is always an idea of ​​the ruling party on duty.

Avoiding open competition benefits them, who concentrate the power structure, and harms the opposition, which generally needs to settle its candidates.

The one who came to the fore with the elimination of the Primaries was the governor of San Juan, Sergio Uñac, who, taking advantage of the majority in the local parliament, sent a project that was approved on the table in 2021.

Uñac, who long ago sounded like a possible candidate for the "Peronist renewal" at the national level, finally secluded himself in his province, where he says he wants to consolidate the "San Juan model."

To the elimination of the PASO

, he added the reinstatement of the Ley de Lemas

, which was approved at the end of 2022 and later confirmed his desire to seek re-election.

José Luis Gioja also recently launched, who threatens to go outside the provincial government if there is no agreement.

The truth is that similar schemes were replicated in other provinces.

During the middle and end of 2022, the leaders Gustavo Sáenz


Alberto Rodríguez Saá

(San Luis),

Jorge Capitanich

(Chaco), and

Mariano Arcioni


eliminated or suspended the PASO .

Everyone speculates on re-election, except Rodríguez Saá, who cannot run again and launched the mayor of Tilisarao, Jorge Omar "Gato" Fernández, as a candidate.

He will have competition with 

Adolfo Rodríguez Saá

who, at odds with his brother, is seeking his sixth term as governor.

Meanwhile, in Catamarca, where Raul Jalil rules, there were intentions to suppress the PASO.

But those plans have not yet been consolidated.

The number of times that citizens have to go to the polls and the costs of the election are among the main justifications used to eliminate the Primaries.

San Luis, like San Juan, reinstated the controversial Law of Lemas.

The controversy over this system occurs because it allows different candidates to unite in the same motto and at the end of the voting day the most voted candidate is added the votes of his other motto companions. 

This scheme, which works in Santa Cruz for the category of governor, allows, for example, a candidate who has not received the most votes individually to be elected.

In turn, if there are too many slogans, it is misleading for the voter, who in the desire to vote for a candidate may end up transferring his support to another that he did not want to choose.

The argument for returning to the Motto is to be able to "guarantee internal debate" and that there are "several options for candidates", despite the elimination of the Open Primaries.

In practice, it allows them to drive more votes in partnership with others.

The opposition denounces that it is a "trap", that they are "changing the rules of the game", "muddying the field" and that the only objective is to "stay in power".

In Chubut, the elimination of the PASO was approved in the last week of December, but the legislators blocked Arcioni from returning to the slogans.

However, they could insist on the project.


Chaco combined the elimination of the primaries with the return of another system: that of the collecting lists


This means that parties that present themselves in a single category, for example, provincial deputy, can lead the candidate of another party in the category of governor.

In other words, the same person can present himself as a candidate for governor for different parties.

Another way to facilitate alliances that help drive votes.

In Río Negro, where national senator Alberto Weretilneck is paving the way to re-sit in the governor's chair, there has been no PASO since 2018. However, an electoral reform was carried out that, among other things, stipulates that the provincial election it cannot coincide with the national one and incorporates the "adherence system", which for practical purposes, works like the collectors.

Source: clarin

All news articles on 2023-02-04

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