ChatGPT and Artificial Intelligence will no longer disappear.
opportunity or risk?
Oddly enough, this has little to do with how well people can use the AI, says one expert.
Cologne – where were you on September 11, 2001?
It's that one question that almost anyone can answer.
You could soon have competition.
The new question is: What was the moment when you realized the endless possibilities of artificial intelligence (AI)?
When the first poem was generated in dialect?
When you could draft a contract in Latvian in a fraction of a second?
Or when you got a two-digit score in the German essay for the first time?
Everyone will have this moment, experts agree.
Because artificial intelligence is penetrating everyday life faster and more profoundly.
ChatGPT is just the beginning.
The chatbot was released at the end of November.
He understands human inputs and can answer them - sometimes better, sometimes worse.
In addition to the developer OpenAI, other companies have long since entered the AI race: Microsoft, Google and Tesla boss Elon Musk have already positioned themselves.
But above all there is the question: are these developments a great opportunity or an incalculable risk?
IT expert on ChatGPT: "Boring tasks are eliminated"
Clearly a chance, says Albrecht Schmidt.
He is a professor of computer science at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich.
He is very bothered by the emphasis on the negative aspects.
“The AI's conquest is comparable to the introduction of the written word.
Suddenly people were able to hold on to their thoughts, that was the first technical revolution in history.” There were similar fears back then, too, for example that many skills would become worthless.
"But we underestimate how much we can adapt and change," says Schmidt.
So far, ChatGPT has mainly been able to do standard tasks well.
“The more specific a task is, the more difficult it becomes.
But the AI can also help here: it may not write a perfect homework, but it very quickly spits out a possible structure,” says Schmidt.
ChatGPT cannot yet be used on a large scale.
The emphasis is on still.
Because the expert is certain that AI will be a great relief, especially in the working world of tomorrow.
“Tasks that are boring are eliminated.
The following applies to a large number of activities: You don’t need much creativity and intelligence to draw up a standard contract.” Of course, there is a downside to the whole thing: “People who are doing something like this right now will have to look for a new job in five years at the latest.”
Better late than never: "We must take action now"
But there is hope for these people too.
There will be a new qualification.
Namely: Who can operate the AI best?
Schmidt likens this to another skill that has only developed over the years: the right online search.
“There are people who are very good at googling and can get the information they need very quickly.
And there are people who just can't do it."
Anyone who needed information in the past had to put in a lot more effort than today.
Communication is also much easier.
For Schmidt, this is followed by a question that he cannot answer himself: “Do we want to use the productivity gains to increase prosperity or to reduce working hours?
We have to decide that together.”
For Nina Weimann-Sandig, the positive news is that we can still make decisions for ourselves.
She is a professor of sociology at the Evangelische Hochschule Dresden.
"We have to take action now," demands Weimann-Sandig.
She is observing the first signs of how people are carelessly using AI more and more frequently.
“Three days ago I heard a radio host say that she is speaking to ChatGPT about her relationship issues.
This is hair-raising.
An AI has no emotional intelligence, it is only trained to recognize emotions – based on statistics, not feelings.”
Bundestag commissions study on ChatGPT
Instead, the expert calls for more effort to teach media literacy.
Weimann-Sandig does not mean that employees, pupils and students understand how to use ChatGPT properly.
“We need to penetrate what ChatGPT actually does.
We have to be able to scrutinize the results and procedure – but many people still lack the know-how for that.”
In this respect, the spotlight that the triumph of ChatGPT throws on developments in the field of AI in general is a stroke of luck.
“Finally, the discussion begins about how we deal with AI.
How do we prepare our schools, universities and training courses for this?
We slept for far too long in Germany." A few days ago, the Committee for Education, Research and Technology Assessment of the German Bundestag commissioned a study on the effects of ChatGPT on education and research.
The right signal, says Weimann-Sandig - even if it's too late.
“Colleagues called for this five years ago.
We can't lose any more time now."