Are the queues in front of petrol stations back?
Five months after the strikes in the French refineries, a new social conflict disrupts the supply at the pump.
In question: the paralysis of these same refineries by the CGT-Chemistry to oppose the pension reform.
In recent days, blockages have intensified in these production sites as in some of the 200 depots in France.
The consequence was not long in coming: 14.4% of the country's service stations did not have either gasoline (SP 98, SP95, E10) or diesel at 1 p.m. yesterday, according to calculations made by Fig
Like last October, the difficulties vary greatly depending on your department.
Loire-Atlantique is now the most affected territory.
55.2% of the pumps declared there this Wednesday a rupture.
Same thing in Ille-et-Vilaine which also has nearly half of its points of sale “
The rest of Brittany and, to a lesser extent, Normandy are also hard hit.
Situation still tense in the Bouches-du-Rhône despite a very slight improvement with less than 50% of stations affected by a shortage.
The Mediterranean rim remains particularly affected.
Ruptures are also increasing in Île-de-France.
In Paris, 10.4% of pump attendants report difficulties and nearly 15% in Val-de-Marne.
Conversely, the northeast of the country seems to have been spared for the moment.
Read alsoShortage of fuel: which gas stations are supplied near you?
To deal with the situation, the Ministry of Energy Transition announced on Tuesday "
" of "
three employees per shift
" at the Fos-sur-Mer depot (Bouches-du-Rhône), which primarily supplies the pumps of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region and eastern Occitania.
It also ships fuel via a pipeline to the Lyon region.
The prefectures of Gard and Vaucluse also decided on Monday to limit fuel sales, until Thursday, while prohibiting the sale of products in jerry cans.
The Alpes-Maritimes, the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence or the Var, announced Wednesday a rationing of the quantities of fuel available at the pump.
In Marseille, 11 service stations in the department will be requisitioned from Wednesday to Friday morning, in order to ensure the supply of “
Read also“I was afraid of getting stuck”: how precautionary purchases cause fuel shortages
Of the 200 oil depots in the territory, "
between five and eight
" are thus blocked, according to Ufip, the professional union of oil companies.
At TotalÉnergies, only the Feyzin refinery (Rhône) operates out of the group's four.
The strikers, however, prevent the fuel from getting out.
The other three, Gonfreville-l'Orcher, Donges and La Mède, were also arrested.
The Petroineos refinery, located in Lavéra (Bouches-du-Rhône), similarly stopped because of the strike.
The two Esso-ExxonMobil refineries are still running: that of Fos-sur-Mer is operating at minimum flow, that of Port-Jérôme-Gravenchon, which was beginning to run out of oil to be refined, received some on Monday, according to Eric Sellini of the CGT-Chimie, but shipments remain blocked.
Slightly higher prices
On the price side, the refinery blocking movement caused a slight jump.
Gasoline thus rose by two cents this week, with a liter of SP98 stabilizing slightly below two euros, at €1.99.
It is however ten cents more than at the beginning of the year, under the effect of the end of the rebates granted by the government and by TotalÉnergies.
Diesel, too, was more expensive this week but still below its level of January 2023. It cost an average of €1.85 per liter this Thursday.
For the national or regional figures, we used the public data available on prix-carburants.gouv.fr (annual files), which centralizes the declarative data of service stations.
Only service stations in mainland France that sell more than 500m3 of petroleum products per year are taken into account, excluding E85 and LPG, which are much less used.
We considered that a station usually distributes a fuel if it declares at least one shortage or a price variation in 2023 for this fuel.
Like the Ministry of Energy Transition, we considered that a place of supply is not out of gasoline if it is still powered by at least one of the three types of this fuel: SP-98, SP-95 and E10.
A station is considered "in difficulty" if:
It is in total rupture at 1 p.m. on all of its fuels distributed (gasoline or diesel).
It is partially out of service at 1 p.m. – either of gasoline or of diesel – when it usually distributes both.
- TotalEnergies refinery in Donges: "Renewable strike" until Friday, announces the inter-union