The Brazilian agricultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased by 3.3% per year, on average, in the last 40 years, which means that it has doubled in the two decades since 2000.
Brazil imported food in 1980 and today
it is the world's leading exporter of agri-food products, and it does so focused on knowledge and innovation
, largely the work of Embrapa, the large Brazilian agricultural research and extension company.
It is also
the world's largest exporter of soybeans, processed meats, oranges, and sugar, and is the fifth largest global producer of grains
Its agri-food exports account for 44.1% of total external sales, double that of industrial production.
Brazil's grain production is truly exceptional,
it went from 241.3 million tons in the 2018/2019 cycle to 271.2 million tons in 2021/2022
, while the expected harvest for the 2023/2024 period would exceed 300 million tons. , absolute record.
The Brazilian agricultural GDP represents only 17% of the total product but its exports are equivalent to a figure of more than US$ 150,000 million in 2022, to which we must add that agribusiness accounts for more than 80% of the trade surplus, which
to to U$S 80,000 million last year, and which is the fundamental cause of the total reserves of the Central Bank amounting to U$S 368,000 million.
exceptional production of grains in 2023, which would be 15% higher than that of the previous year
, is mainly due to the extraordinary production of soybeans in the center west and north of Brazil, with a gross production value of R$ 1.257 billion east anus.
China is the main market for Brazilian agri-food exports (it receives more than 80% of the total) and demand from the People's Republic is on the rise, forecasting a rise of 15% to 20% per year in the next five years.
This is the reason why the People's Republic has become Brazil's main trading partner since 2009 and the bilateral relationship between the two countries has become the largest in the emerging world.
Brazilian agribusiness is an authentic historical success, and its root is technological, founded on the systematic rise of
Thus, for example,
the total Brazilian production amounted to US$ 21,000 million in 2000, and climbed to US$ 122,000 million in 2022
It means that it experienced an increase of more than 260%
in that period
, with yields that exceeded the accumulated annual 3%;
and how remarkable that for this exceptional achievement
it only increased its planted area from 37 million hectares in 1999 to 72 million
hectares in 2021.
This implies that
Brazil only uses 52% of its potential agricultural area, while in Europe it is more than 72%, and in the US it exceeds 80% of the total or more
It is equivalent to affirming that Brazil has only half of the potential planted area, and has available and unused the vast area of the Cerrado, which covers more than 150 million hectares.
The conclusion of these facts is unequivocal, and it is that, in relation to the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2), the fundamental cause of climate change, the participation of Brazilian production is significantly less than the responsibility of US agriculture or European.
The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) points out that between 1961 and 2019, Brazilian agricultural productivity grew by 3.75% per year, which places it immediately below that of China, which rose 4.41% in the same period. in the year, and that was the first in the world.
Finally, it should be noted that Embrapa's success with the exceptional increase in Brazilian agricultural productivity is due to the fact that it managed to transform the poor soils of the Cerrado, of little or no fertility, into lands extremely suitable for farming through the systematic use of a mixture of phosphorus and lime, of very low cost in the market.
This is what makes Brazil the
world's leading agrifood exporter
, above the US, in a process that only covers the last 40 years of its history, and whose sign is fundamentally qualitative, based on knowledge .