Travelers bathe in Achziv National Park (Maariv)
The National Emergency Authority in the Ministry of Defense and the Meteorological Service published today (Sunday) a "attribution" scenario in which they present the dangers of severe heat waves that may strike Israel, as a result of the climate crisis.
According to the scenario, the heat waves, which will last between three and four days, may occur twice a month during the summer, and the temperature may reach up to 49 degrees.
If this scenario is realized, mortality is expected to increase by 8.5% more than average, the average hospitalization due to cardiovascular diseases will be 10%-15% higher, peak electricity consumption will increase by 10% and the chance of fires will increase.
Heat waves of up to 49 degrees.
The horror scenario for heat waves in Israel (Photo: Reuven Castro)
According to the reference scenario, heat waves may affect the whole country, mainly between June and September.
In such cases, the temperature on the coastal plain may reach 35 degrees and more than 50% humidity, in the mountains to 42 degrees, in the Negev and the northern valleys to 44 degrees and in the Jordan Valley and the Arava to 49 degrees.
The Authority points out that although the majority of Israeli citizens knew how to deal with the expected dangers, due, among other things, to appropriate infrastructures.
However, the weak populations in Israel or those engaged in physical work outside, may be harmed by this.
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"The weak populations in Israel may be harmed."
The beach in the summer (Photo: Reuters)
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The National Emergency Authority formulates similar scenarios for extreme weather that may cause, among other things, floods, flooding and fires.
The Authority warns that it is necessary to prepare for such scenarios in order to reduce the expected damages and allow a quick return to normality.
"The scenario is a binding document and forms the basis for the preparations of the government ministries, the planning bodies and the operative bodies," says the head of the Rahl, Brigadier General (ret.) Yoram Laredo.
"It presents the periods of the year that are prone to heat waves, the expected frequency, the heat maps, the expected peak temperatures at every point in Israel and the implications for which one must prepare - from an increase in electricity consumption and the risk of huge fires to a significant increase in morbidity and mortality."
Army and security
Ministry of Defence