After the disappearance of the USSR and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the world experienced a period of two decades when the sea ceased to be a major strategic issue.
It became so again at the beginning of the last decade, when the Chinese began their expansionist maritime strategy.
It was then that the concept of the Indo-Pacific appeared, an immense maritime space stretching from Djibouti to Hawaii, with China at its center.
Since the American victory against Japan in 1945, this space has been dominated by the United States Navy.
But the Chinese dream of dislodging America in the long term, which they believe has no place in Asia.
In the early 2010s, China not only launched its "New Maritime Silk Roads" policy, but also claimed to assume control of the entire South China Sea (through its "Nine Lines Zone"). , which covers an area equivalent to the Mediterranean), and the East China Sea (claiming…
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