To fight against violence against minors overseas, we must develop "
prevention aimed at parents and children
" and improve the care of minors in danger, concludes a parliamentary report on Wednesday March 29, expressing alarm at the "
high level of inter-family violence
According to the Violence and gender relations survey (Virage) conducted in 2018 in Martinique, Guadeloupe and Reunion, one in four women and one in five men said they had suffered at least one act of violence in the family before the age of 18. and the close entourage, ie 26% of women in the sample in Reunion and Martinique and 27.5% in Guadeloupe against 17.5% in France.
To read alsoAmbdilwahedou Soumaila, mayor of Mamoudzou: “Today, Mayotte is the island of hell”
"Physical, psychological or sexual violence"
Despite the absence of recent data, the rapporteurs Philippe Dunoyer (Renaissance), Karine Lebon (Nupes) and Olivier Serva (Liot) noted in all these territories, “significant rates of physical, psychological or sexual violence
One of the worrying findings is the high level of intra-family violence of which minors remain the direct and collateral victims
", adds the report.
Specific factors explain these figures: "
strong socio-economic precariousness with poverty rates above the national average, but also the persistence of educational violence
", underlines the text.
The care of minors in danger, already delicate in France, is failing, especially in Guyana and Mayotte.
Host families are not professional enough and there are not enough of them.
Their support and follow-up are also deficient
, ”assure the deputies.
The rapporteurs recommend adapting the systems to local realities.
They particularly insist on “prevention actions
, intended for parents but also for children, parenting support actions or awareness-raising at school
Read alsoThe figures of hyper violence in the West Indies and Guyana
Regarding governance, “
greater coordination is needed as well as increased human and financial resources.
Finally, the care of victims, both judicial and health, must also be improved
, ”adds the report.
But the rapporteurs also recommend carrying out a new Virage survey in the West Indies and Reunion and also carrying it out in Guyana and Mayotte to update the data, the absence of which “is harmful
for the development of public policies