In a pluralist and transparent election, by universal suffrage, Recep Tayyip Erdogan was re-elected as head of Turkey on 28 May 2023. He denied all the polls - widely reported by the Western media - which, since the beginning of the election year, had described him as lagging behind his Social Democratic rival, Kemal Kiliçdaroglu. This is the fifteenth election in a row won by this Islamo-nationalist leader, who reassigned the Hagia Sophia to Muslim worship in 2020, after it was transformed into a museum in 1934 by Atatürk, anxious at the time to "offer it to humanity".
Suffering inflation at the rate of 44%, the Turkish people could very well have fired Mr. Erdogan for economic mismanagement. He could also have blamed him for gross violations of the rule of law and the imprisonment of hundreds of journalists and elected officials for crimes of opinion. He could finally have censored his aggressive foreign policy, in the Caucasus as in the Eastern Mediterranean...
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