Haiti, the Sahel and Sudan are now among the areas on high alert, where the risk of food insecurity for its populations is the most worrying, and which require "urgent" attention from the international community, the UN warned Monday.
Haiti, the Sahel (Burkina Faso and Mali) and Sudan have been raised to the highest levels of concern" in terms of population feeding, say the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) in a joint report. "This is due to severe restrictions on the movement of people and goods in Haiti, as well as Burkina Faso and Mali, as well as the recent eruption of conflict in Sudan," they explain.
The war in Sudan, which broke out in April between the army chief and his rival, is likely to "have significant ramifications for its neighboring countries," the report warns.
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These four countries join the list of those (Afghanistan, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen) that were already on high alert and require "the most urgent attention".
Part of their population is exposed to famine or at risk of it, corresponding to the "catastrophe" phase (phase 5), the highest of the Food Security Classification (CIP), or the inhabitants of these countries risk a deterioration to catastrophic conditions because they are already in an emergency situation (phase 4).
The report looks at a total of 18 "hot spots" of hunger in the world, including 22 countries, and attempts to lay out a six-month outlook.
He is also concerned about these already fragile regions of the likely return of the El Niño climate phenomenon, which would have an 82% chance of returning during the May-July period, according to a study cited by the report.