Jules Ferry wanted to put an end to "inequality of education, one of the most glaring and unfortunate results of chance at birth". More than a century after the introduction of free, compulsory and secular schooling, it is clear that it is far from having been eradicated. The Average Social Position Index (SPI) shows this. This statistical indicator developed by the Ministry of National Education - long kept secret - evaluates the chances of academic success of each student from a battery of data, including the socio-professional category of parents (see methodology). The lower the IPS, the worse the success rates for the baccalaureate and the patent, as the designers of the indicator note.
Here we reveal the average IPS of each of the public and private schools in Bordeaux and its surroundings. Without being one of the worst off territories in France, the Bordeaux metropolis has strong disparities: the social position index can vary by a factor of two within the same municipality. This one is strongly correlated with...
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