Robert Habeck (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action. © Kay Nietfeld/dpa
Economics Minister Habeck has defended his planned heating law. In doing so, his ministry also explains what costs they expect for citizens.
Berlin – In Berlin, the planned heating law penned by the Ministry of Economics of Robert Habeck (Greens) is being wrestled with and argued. Specifically, it stipulates that from 2024 onwards, only new heating systems that are powered by 65 percent renewable energies may be installed. This effectively means the end of new gas and oil heating systems – the most common heating method in Germany.
The coalition partner FDP expressed concerns about this and asked Habeck's ministry 77 questions – which have now been answered in detail. The costs for tenants and owners were also specifically addressed.
Habeck's heating law: These costs are incurred by owners if they rely on heat pumps
The scenario: Owners have to switch to a sustainable heating method and have a heat pump (air/water) installed. In the case of a single-family house, Habeck's officials assume different costs depending on the condition of the building, reports Bild.
For example, the prices for a well-renovated single-family house are estimated at around 22,420 euros, and up to 45,920 euros for an unrenovated house. In the case of an apartment building with six apartments, the costs would then amount to 38,680 euros (renovated) to 78,080 euros (unrenovated).
Habeck's Heating Act: These are the costs for tenants
The problem for tenants is that landlords can share in the costs. In the case of the unrenovated apartment building with investment costs of 78,080 euros, these could be passed on to them at up to 79 cents per square metre. In the example calculation, this would mean that the rent would increase by 65 euros per month. However, the heat pump would also reduce heating costs and thus reduce ancillary rental costs as well, according to Habeck's officials, according to Bild.
Another example: In the case of a medium-sized apartment building, the cost of a central heat pump would be 57,480 euros. As a result, the rent could increase by 47 euros, but at the same time there would be savings in ancillary costs of 34 euros.
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In addition, the Ministry of Economics warns owners of gas heating systems that gas prices will soon rise sharply because of the CO2 surcharge – by up to a third.