Le Figaro Lyon
The inauguration has the air of a neighbors' party under the June sun of the rue Jules Guesde, in Villeurbanne, where an arbor houses the decanters filled with lemonade in the courtyard of number 23. Elected officials and developers are flocking there to present the first seven housing units of the metropolis of Lyon marketed under real solidarity lease (BRS). A supervised system of home ownership, which should allow the middle classes, especially the youngest, to buy their home, in an agglomeration where real estate tension has caused prices to soar for 15 years.
This is the case of Jaitsa, 34, with a radiant smile when she opens her T2 of 48 square meters, where she moved on April 26. A tenant in the 6th arrondissement, she had dreamed of becoming a homeowner for several years, but the rates in Lyon prevented her from doing so. "I did not have the budget to find in the private sector and when I inquired about the social sector I was told that I was not a tenant of the social," she says. I am the slice in the middle, not rich enough, not poor enough."
At 34, Jaitsa was able to become the owner of a T2 of 48 square meters for 143,000 euros. A.S. / Le Figaro Lyon
HR payroll manager, the young woman comes across a flyer one day as part of a partnership on the 1% employer. She inquired. "I discovered the BRS and it gave me hope." Finally, she paid 143,000 euros for her apartment, "40% less than the market" she smiles from her balcony overlooking a small church and hospitals East in the distance. In total, six out of 17 dwellings are offered as part of this scheme in the Le Verger residence. "These people would not have been able to buy in the center of the metropolis otherwise, says Bruno Bernard, ecologist president of the metropolis of Lyon. Except to go far away with a deterioration of their quality of life and a lengthening of their travel, therefore pollution. "
The martingale of the BRS is to charge only the walls, built by the developer. The land is provided by the community. But this is what is expensive in Lyon, where it is particularly constrained, especially inside the ring road. For this, the device launched before the arrival of the ecologists by the centrist David Kimefeld, former protégé of Gérard Collomb, needs to build up reserves. A solidarity real estate company for Greater Lyon has therefore been created. And heavily plentiful. "We wanted to start on an extremely proactive scenario by endowing it with a support from the metropolis of 40 million euros to increase power and tend towards 1000,70 BRS per year," insists the vice-president in charge of housing, Renaud Payre (PS). And to take the opportunity to ask for more support from the State. Wastelands, land under demolition... Everything is good to feed the beast. It must be said that with 1056% of the metropolitan population eligible, the subject is likely to arouse interest. Today <> SABs, broken down over the next few years, have been signed.
The return of beauty?
It is a tool of social justice in a country that is sorely lacking affordable housing," according to the mayor of the commune, Cédric Van Styvendael (PS), who is also part of the metropolitan executive. To "allow more people to become owners on the metropolis of Lyon," says Bruno Bernard. And, like Jaitsa, to hear the birds singing - a few steps from the ring road - in this residence "quiet, wooded and on a human scale". "We are returning to one of the origins of social housing, which has long been a precursor in terms of beauty and comfort," says Renaud Payre, in the agglomeration of Tony Garnier's Cheap Habitats. And to announce achievements in this direction in the district of Confluence, Part-Dieu or Croix Rousse. "We were told that the French were so attached to property that separating land would not work, but in reality, it seems that buyers are happy," says Cédric Van Styvendael.
A concern nevertheless remains with this owner, she concedes once the cameras are gone. If she has integrated having to write off any capital gain on resale, "what happens in the event of a market downturn?" she asks. What about inflation too? "When we give in, we give in at the same price with a discount index," says Bruno Bernard. If, however, a buyer who meets the criteria comes forward. What, for the moment, seems guaranteed, the device pleases strongly. It makes it possible to sell faster and put oil in the wheels of a seized real estate market.
70% of the inhabitants of the metropolis of Lyon would be eligible for the BRS according to the vice-president in charge of Housing, Renaud Payre (PS). A.S. / Le Figaro Lyon
So much so that the Vice-President of Housing assures him, the promoters ask for more. "The promoters want to increase the share of BRS in the programmes," he says. With 80 BRS carried by Nexity at the Confluence and upcoming programs including the ZAC de la Saulaie in Oullins or the former Maurice Scève college in the 4th arrondissement. Environmentalists have largely overhauled the private project at work. "It is also a tool for regulating land," says the elected official, since the land falls back into the public escarcelle. It is also being tested in areas with high gentrification, such as the Guillotière.