Crash in the coalition, crash in the polls: The heating law has brought Habeck a lot of trouble. Now he has lamented a campaign. What's with that?
Berlin - First weeks of trouble, then a possible agreement: After the big dispute over the new heating law, the Greens have complained about the tone. For example, Federal Minister of Economics Robert Habeck senses a deliberate interference against his heat pump project. "It was so loud. So aggressive. Everyone was just shouting," he said at the digital conference re:publica. Compared to the "campaign", fact-oriented politics was often at a disadvantage.
Even before the summer break: Habeck's heating law is to come
The controversial heating law is to be waved through the Bundestag before the parliamentary summer recess. This was agreed by the party leaders of the three government factions on Wednesday (7 June). Previously, there had been weeks of resistance to the project of Federal Minister of Economics Robert Habeck (Greens) - also from his own traffic light coalition. For example, the FDP in particular had opposed parliamentary deliberation on the law and announced a need for improvement.
Fighting for his heating law: Economics Minister Robert Habeck (Greens). © Moritz Frankenberg/Sina Schuldt/dpa/Montage
Agreement on the Heating Act: Current changes remain secret
Originally, the plans for the "Building Energy Act" stipulated that newly installed heating systems – with a few exceptions – would have to be powered by renewable energies by 2024. However, the Liberals pleaded for more "openness to technology" and called for the possibility of installing gas or oil heating systems that can also use hydrogen or synthetic fuels. However, nothing leaked out to the current changes that are now to be included in the law after the agreement in principle.
Bild rails against new EU heating law - Habeck smells campaign
Despite the "campaign" accusation, Habeck tried to exercise restraint. He did not name any specific names. Despite the agreement on the heating law by the party leaders, the replacement of heat pumps remains a controversial issue. How heated the mood in the coalition remains became apparent only a few hours before the round of understanding. For example, the Bild newspaper reported on the next "heating hammer" that the EU is allegedly planning and that would even go far beyond Habeck's plans. This is another "scandal," FDP parliamentary group leader Christian Dürr was quoted as saying in the tabloid.
So is further trouble inevitable? In fact, the European Commission is working on a draft regulation that sets strict requirements for the energy efficiency of heating systems. Most recently, an up-to-date version leaked out in some media reports. According to this, an efficiency level of 2029 percent is to be prescribed for the installation of new heating systems from 115. This means that 1.15 kilowatt hours of heat must be generated from one kilowatt hour of electricity, gas or oil. According to the current state of technology, this can only be achieved by heat pumps.
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Pressure to swap heat pumps: FDP also opposes EU plans
Against this background, the FDP fears a heat pump compulsion through the back door. But experts are already playing it down, according to ZDF. In the future, the requirement could also be achieved with a combination of gas boiler and photovoltaics. In addition, the paper is only a draft and not a concrete legislative project, emphasized a spokesman for the EU Commission. The report of the picture is "misleading". Nothing is set in stone at all, especially since the member states can still make all sorts of changes to the proposal.
Habeck is likely to have taken note of this with a certain satisfaction. After having to be fooled in recent weeks because of his heat pump plans and having to accept a crash in the polls, he will be happy for any support. (jkf)