The adjustments made by the Urssaf for concealed work amounted to nearly 800 million euros in 2022, said Thursday the organization, which forecasts "a very significant increase" for the coming years. "In 2022, the amounts of adjustments for concealed work amount to 788.1 million euros," said Yann-Gaël Amghar, director general of Urssaf, during a press conference. To illustrate concretely the "stakes" behind these data, he presented a comparison of what these amounts would have made it possible to finance: the equivalent of "162,898 deliveries and 15.762 million consultations with the general practitioner".
The figure of recoveries is practically stable compared to 2021, but "reflects a very strong increase over the long term," also noted Yann-Gaël Amghar. Over the last five years from 2018 to 2022, it is thus more than "3.5 billion that have been restored, which represents an increase of 50% compared to the previous period of five years". He attributes this to both increased resources and improved controls, which are "better targeted".
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'A very significant increase' expected
For the future, the organization programs "a very significant increase" in adjustments, with "5 billion over the next five years," detailed the director general. To do this, Urssaf must have 240 additional full-time equivalent positions (+60%). In detail, in 2022, 88% of adjustments concern employers and 12% self-employed workers. The sectors most represented in the recovery amounts are construction (66.5%), ahead of business services (8%), transport (5.1%) and trade (4.5%). The average amount of adjustments is 146,969 euros. In terms of the recovery of debts resulting from the fight against concealed work, Urssaf indicates that in 2022, the amounts amount to "a little more than 77 million euros". In terms of social benefits, "this amount is equivalent to 25,667 days in intensive care". "Even when we do not recover the amounts that we rectify, it is not a failure because at least we put an end to an offense" and the controls have a "diffusion effect", of "fear of the gendarme", which changes behavior, argued the director of the Urssaf.
The offence of concealed work specifically covers two situations of fraud: total or partial concealment of activity and total or partial concealment of salaried employment.