A long-awaited speech. After meeting this Monday, for the second time, the Ecological Planning Council created after his re-election, Emmanuel Macron unfolded the main lines of "ecological planning". A roadmap that has been postponed many times, whose stated objective is to achieve a 55% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. Here is what to remember from the announcements of the President of the Republic.
- Discover the TNT channel Le Figaro TV
Building a "French ecology", "neither denial nor cure"
This is the key word of the Head of State, after more than "fourteen months of work and consultations" including within the framework of the National Councils of Refoundation (CNR). From the Élysée, Emmanuel Macron hammered his commitment to "build a French ecology", which according to him involves a response to a "triple challenge": climate change, the collapse of biodiversity and what he called "the end of abundance and scarcity of resources".
This "French ecology" is based "on a few simple principles," explained the head of state. This includes "a science-based ecology." "This is neither an ecology of denial nor of cure," the president said. "It is a sovereign ecology," he also added, since decarbonization "will reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, energies that we do not produce".
Macron wants to get out of coal by 2027
He had already announced Sunday night on the set of TF1 and France 2. From the Élysée, Emmanuel Macron once again erects the exit of coal as a "priority" by 2027 with the closure of the last two power plants in the country. The head of state announced that, "under this mandate", the France would "be totally out of coal for the production of our electricity". The Hexagon will then be "ahead" of the date of 2030 set by the IPCC, he welcomed.
«The resumption of control of electricity prices»
Green planning must enable France and Europe to become more "competitive", the President insisted. To do this, he recalled the "Green Industry" law recently passed. This "key point" is fundamental to "stand up to China and the United States," defended Emmanuel Macron.
At the foundation of competitiveness, the President of the Republic insisted on "the resumption of control of electricity prices". "We will be able to announce electricity prices in October that put us in a favourable and competitive situation at European level. We will regain control over electricity prices at the French and European level," he said.
One million electric cars produced in France
He had already outlined his ambition Sunday night during his television interview. Emmanuel Macron has promised that at least "one million electric cars" will be produced in France. To do this, the president is counting on the opening of "four large electric battery factories" from Dunkirk to Douai, allowing "to increase investment" and especially reduce dependencies on exporting countries.
The "social leasing" scheme presented in November
Supporter of "an accessible and fair ecology", Emmanuel Macron gave details on the timing of "social leasing" for an electric car. "From November, we will reveal the leasing device at 100 euros for electric vehicle models," he announced, adding that it would only concern "a few tens of thousands of models in 2024".
The development of the heat pump sector
With regard to housing, the President of the Republic recalled his decision not to ban gas boilers as he had initially promised. "We decided to be on an incentive policy," he said. That is to say, invest in the development of the heat pump sector in France, with a tripling of heat pump production and the training of 30,000 installers. These objectives set by Emmanuel Macron must promote "an ecology that creates economic value," he insisted.