Putting clear rules on generative Artificial Intelligence language models, such as GPT chatbots, already upstream otherwise service developers, especially Small and Medium Enterprises, are put at risk. This is the appeal launched by the Italian scientific community to the government, which is engaged in the debate on the European Regulation on Artificial Intelligence, the AI Act, which is currently being negotiated.
"As scientists in the Artificial Intelligence community, we want to make our voices heard in support of the need for rules on large generative models, the 'foundation models', as part of the European Regulation on Artificial Intelligence, the AI Act, which is currently being negotiated," write the authors of the open letter signed by about two hundred Italian and international scientists in the field and 6 Italian institutions including the Faire Foundation, the Association Italian Institute for Artificial Intelligence. Recent developments in AI have led to the emergence of innovative and powerful tools that will revolutionize, and are already doing, practically every sector, but being a very new technology, there are also many critical issues and dangers, some of which are still difficult to assess. Clear rules are therefore needed, not to limit but to support a fair economic development of a sector in which to date the models are held by very few large foreign companies.
"Upstream rules ensure that the few large developers provide the mechanisms of transparency and trust for the many additional downstream players. Otherwise, end-users will be exposed to risks that developers of downstream services, and SMEs in particular, cannot technically manage." The voluntary codes of conduct envisaged today do not provide for sanctions and are therefore considered insufficient: "We therefore appeal to the Italian government to continue working towards a final text of the AI Act that includes clear rules for generative models, reinforcing Europe's role as a global vanguard of Artificial Intelligence regulation, allowing opportunities to be seized with the best safeguards for safety".
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