An innovative tool to preserve marine habitats from the impacts of climate change, reduce risk factors and plan a more sustainable use of marine areas, including in small island developing states. It is the Atlas of marine and coastal habitats, one of the innovations that Enea presents at COP28 in Dubai.
The Atlas is part of the collaboration between Enea and the Ministry of the Environment and Energy Security (MoEES), active since 2015, which aims to support developing countries in activities and projects aimed at combating climate change and protecting biodiversity.
The innovative methodology consists in the use of satellite data, such as Sentinel-2 and Landsat, and their integration with open access processing and cartography platforms (Snap, Qgis), in order to provide public decision-makers with working tools that can be easily used and updated directly by local realities.
Subsequently, the Earth Observation System (EOS) technologies and the thematic maps produced with multispectral satellite data are subjected to a subsequent validation on the territory, through surveys, dives, aerial and underwater drones, hardware and software tools for the georeferencing of the inspected environments.
The Atlases, which are also equipped with Ecological Quality Indexes (EQI), report the classification of habitats, to easily identify the most valuable biosystems for each area of interest.
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