Ministers responsible for the European Space Agency approved the "Hera" mission, designed to test the possibility of diverting asteroids from their path in the event of a possible hit to Earth
Pregnant and asteroid target // Photo: ESA
The European Space Agency, in collaboration with NASA, has decided to launch a Hera project, which aims to test a method for protecting the Earth from asteroids by deflecting it. The decision to launch the program was jointly made by the ministers responsible for the European Space Agency from all EU member states and cost The venture is $ 320 million.
Under the groundbreaking program, two spacecraft will be launched. NASA's first and the European Space Agency's second, to a double asteroid system moving in the solar system called Dedimus. NASA's spacecraft will move at 21436 km / h to the small asteroid and hit it tremendously.
Then comes a spacecraft built by the Italian space agency, called LICIACube. This spacecraft will send two "levers" toward the crater created in the first collision, which will investigate the size of the crater, the asteroid's chemical composition and other aspects such as the impact on the orbit of the small bone.
A large asteroid will move around the Earth
The purpose of the operation is to examine for the first time the possibility of diverting asteroids from the Earth's orbit in the event of such a possible injury. It is estimated today that the chances of hitting an asteroid on the Earth are very low, but in practice a rock the size of a pyramid can destroy a large city on Earth. Larger spacecraft may completely eradicate the human race.
Either way, this is a tricky task because these two asteroids are small objects and no spacecraft of humanity has ever flown and studied such objects. Holger Syriex, a researcher at the Max Planck Institute in Berlin, says that "we need to explore the objects found in our solar system if we do not want to become exhibits alongside the dinosaurs here in our museum."