It was one of the flagship measures of the Grenelle on domestic violence, when it closed in the fall of 2019. Announced for years, inspired by the model tested in Spain where its effectiveness has been demonstrated, the anti-rapprochement bracelet (BAR ) is now part of the French judicial arsenal.
In practice, the device makes it possible to geolocate the violent spouse or ex-spouse and to trigger an alert system when he approaches too close to the protected person, who also has a small GPS unit.
In this case, he is immediately contacted by a specific platform and, without a response from him, the police are notified.
Designed as an alternative to imprisonment upon conviction, the BAR can also be awarded by a judge as part of a judicial review, thereby protecting the victim even before judgment is handed down.
Since January 1, 2021, this tool has been theoretically usable throughout France but it is still too little used, as several recent feminicides have highlighted.
Thus, as of May 11, only 47 of these devices were active, out of the 1,000 promised by the Ministry of Justice.
It took the death of Chahinez B., burned alive on May 4 in a street in Mérignac (Gironde) by her husband, for their deployment to experience a (relative) boost.
Following a letter from the Minister of Justice Eric Dupond-Moretti addressed to all the courts and a rant - the minister estimated on France Inter that a certain number of these devices “were sleeping in drawers - their pose jumped almost 70% to reach 78 active bracelets on June 1st.
The magistrates, for their part, defend themselves and believe they need additional resources to implement measures to combat domestic violence, declared a "great national cause" of the five-year term of Emmanuel Macron.
You who are a magistrate, a specialist in gender equality within the Ministry of Justice, how do you explain the under-use of this tool?
Bad will of the parquet floors, lack of means, or simple delay in lighting?
Readers of "Parisien - Today in France" are eager to read your answer.
Isabelle Rome's response: "The number of bracelets has doubled in one month"
“As of June 8, 2021, 147 bracelets have been fitted.
It is therefore a doubling in one month.
We are therefore clearly in the ramp-up phase of the anti-rapprochement bracelet ", responds immediately Isabelle Rome, for whom" things are moving ".
Refuting the idea of slowness, the magistrate stresses on the contrary that their implementation was done "in record time", given the fact that "these restrictive measures of individual freedoms can only be put in place by decision of a judge and with the consent of the victim ”.
This is also one of the difficulties that she underlines: "It can happen that victims under influence fail to give it or remove it after the bracelet is placed on their spouse".
For the magistrate, the deployment of the 1000 bracelets is therefore a "held commitment", in the same way as the serious danger telephone, which currently has 1300 victims.
They were only 300 at the start of 2019.
Without entering into the debate on the additional resources claimed by certain prosecutors, Isabelle Rome praises, on the contrary, their involvement in the fight against domestic violence.
“I meet prosecutors and judges who show real adaptability.
They know how to mobilize all the local actors around this cause, aware of its seriousness, of the collective work and of the relentless fight that it requires.