The Limited Times

Now you can see non-English news...

Discovered the path of caresses, from the skin to the brain

2023-01-24T16:56:56.693Z

The nervous circuit that carries the pleasant sensation of a caress from the skin to the brain has been reconstructed: it could pave the way for new therapies for anxiety, depression and autism (ANSA)



The nervous circuit

that carries the pleasant

sensation

of a

caress

from the skin to the brain has been reconstructed

: the result is the result of over four years of research on mice conducted by about twenty researchers from Columbia University and other partner institutions and institutions.

The study, published in the journal Cell, could pave the way for new skin-targeted therapies to help people suffering from anxiety, depression and autism.

Even

human skin

is in fact equipped with

tactile sensors

very similar to those of mice called

Mrgprb4

and which had already been under scrutiny for some time due to their ability to activate in response to weak stimuli such as the lightest touches.

Thanks to

optogenetics

, US researchers have obtained

mice with genetically modified Mrgprb4 cells

that can be

remotely activated with colored light

.

In this way they discovered that animals stimulated with a beam of blue light tended to flex their backs, assuming the classic posture they show when they are sexually receptive.

The

'caress of light'

it aroused so much pleasure that the mice themselves spontaneously went under the lamp.

In animals in which Mrgprb4 cells were eliminated, however, a collapse of sexual receptivity was observed.

"We therefore understood that these cells are important for detecting social touch in encounters," explains researcher Leah Elias.

Using the fiber photometry technique, the team then identified

reward neurons,

which fire in the brain in response to impulses from Mrgprb4 cells.

The bridge that connects the sensors of the skin with the brain are the Gpr83 neurons of the spinal cord, already identified in another study by Harvard researchers.




Touch sensors in skin cells on the back of a mouse fluoresced (source: Abdus-Saboor Lab/Zuckerman Institute)








Source: ansa

All tech articles on 2023-01-24

You may like

Life/Entertain 2023-01-05T07:06:36.120Z

Trends 24h

Latest

© Communities 2019 - Privacy