It was an age when the scientific method was being built and when rationalism decided to fight superstition.
But we only understand well what we name and order.
In the middle of the Age of Enlightenment, a young graduate from the Faculty of Medicine of Montpellier undertook a great work: classifying diseases as botanists had just done for plants.
Begun in 1731 and refined throughout his life, this classification made the doctor and botanist François Boissier de Sauvages the father of nosology, the science at the base of the classification of diseases.
The doctors of Antiquity then remained masters in the faculties of medicine, with questionable efficiency:
"There is no doctor, however knowledgeable he may be in the principles that are taught in the Schools who, when he comes to practice, does not encounter difficulties almost every day”
, regrets François Boissier de Sauvages, whose pen knows how to make fun of the pedantry of some of his colleagues.
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