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Israel is not promoting the transition to electric vehicles and we are choking - voila! Car

2024-01-15T14:29:09.951Z

Highlights: Israel is not promoting the transition to electric vehicles and we are choking - voila! Car. There is no enforcement against polluting trucks and encouragement to replace them with trams. There are not enough fast charging stations and there is a lack of electricity for charging in condominiums. State Comptroller Mattaniahu Engelman: Air pollution from vehicles costs us NIS 7.2 billion from harm to our health and quality of life, but the State of Israel is failing to promote measures that can change the situation.


There is no enforcement against polluting trucks and encouragement to replace them with trams. There are not enough fast charging stations and there is a lack of electricity for charging in condominiums. The Ministry of Environmental Protection did not respond


Air Pollution on the Roads and Preparations for the Transition to Electric Vehicles / State Comptroller

Air pollution from vehicles costs us NIS 7.2 billion from harm to our health and quality of life, but the State of Israel is failing to promote measures that can change the situation: increasing the use of rapidly electrified public transportation, encouraging cycling and switching to electric vehicles.

According to State Comptroller Mattaniahu Engelman, air pollution attributed to transportation accounts for 15% of total pollution from particles, a relatively high figure in Europe. A significant part of it comes from trucks and buses. But the state is not promoting the scrapping of old, polluting trucks, nor imposing a sales tax on new, polluting trucks, which could encourage fleets to switch to electric or hydrogen-powered trucks.

Since 2003, the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Transport have not conducted an economic feasibility study for scrapping heavy vehicles, the program to scrap private vehicles has been halted, and the Ministry of Environmental Protection has no organized policy or long-term plan for declaring low-pollution zones to which old diesel vehicles are banned. At the same time, there was a decline in the number of inspections by the Ministry of Environmental Protection at licensing institutes and bus terminals. When the inspections are already carried out, the percentage of vehicles disqualified by the Enforcement Department in road inspections was about 2021% in 15, while the disqualification rate at the Ministry of Motor Vehicles when conducting the annual licensing test (vehicle test) was only about 2021.3% in 3, indicating a gap in the method of inspection.

Israel has too few fast-charging stations and the country does not have a national plan to set them up, unlike the US and Europe/EV-EDGE

Those who are already buying electric vehicles are facing a shortage in the number of stations: the Ministry of Energy and the Ministry of Transport have not yet agreed quantitative targets for the deployment of public charging stations or guidelines for the geographic deployment of public charging stations, and have not determined the types of stations suitable for deployment on intercity roads. This is in contrast to what is happening in the field in the European Union and the United States,

as well as in homes: the Ministries of the Interior and Energy have not yet regulated what is required to set up car charging stations in condominiums. In the absence of regulation, disputes may arise between tenants and even disputes between neighbors. Such disputes and the difficulty in reaching agreements are liable to be a real barrier to the widespread entry of electric vehicles into the vehicle pool in Israel. For example, planning and building regulations require that as of March 2023, the electrical panel of a new residential building will support charging 20% of all vehicles in the building. However, if the government's targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from new vehicles are achieved, shared buildings will gradually have more than 20% electric vehicles, and therefore the existing regulations are not in line with the government's goals in this regard.
And enforcement: Although it has been determined that it will present to the Knesset by 2022 guidelines for proper use of charging stations, the Ministry of Transport has not yet even drafted regulations for enforcement against drivers who park gasoline vehicles at electric vehicle charging stations, or owners of electric vehicles who park in them without charging and prevent others from doing so.

According to the IEC's working assumption, all new vehicles from 2035 will be electric and 74% of new vehicles in 2030 will be electric. Noga, which is responsible for deploying the electrical infrastructure, assumes that from 2035 all new vehicles will be electric, and by 2030 about 70% of new vehicles will be electric. These assumptions are inconsistent with the government's decision, which stipulated that by 2030, light vehicles will be imported to Israel whose emissions will be 95% lower than in 2020. The electrical system lacks the transmission and transformer capabilities required to add the charging capacity required for an electric vehicle.

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Taxes: The heavy taxation on a new vehicle does not reflect its level of pollution, with the State Comptroller referring to the congestion tax that is supposed to be introduced in Gush Dan as an existing fact, even though Transportation Minister Miri Regev effectively canceled it, without government decisions on the matter. In addition, because trucks are exempt from sales tax, they are not taxed according to the level of pollution like a private vehicle. The comptroller also expressed support for imposing a mileage tax on electric vehicles, which the Ministry of Finance is again trying to do in the current state budget.

The State Comptroller's Office recommends that the Ministries of Finance, Transport and Energy and the Tax Authority consider the government decision of July 2010, which instructed to examine a multi-year process to focus most of the payment burden on variable costs. When examining the change in purchase tax rates on electric vehicles and examining the composition of taxation that will internalize the external effects of electric vehicles (particularly with regard to road congestion, air pollution damage, road accidents and other costs), it is recommended that the benefits of reducing air pollution from transportation be taken into account. All this is in order to encourage the entry of electric vehicles into Israel and to meet the targets set by the government.

The Ministry of Transport and Road Safety sees great importance in the connection between transportation and the environment and invests many inputs in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The Ministry works regularly to encourage the use of public transportation and sustainable transportation, while accelerating the transition to zero-emission vehicles, through green taxation, reducing regulation, easing import requirements for 'green' vehicles, and electrifying public transportation.

The Transportation Ministry said it takes the State Comptroller's comments seriously, and many of the claims pointed out in the report have been corrected or are in the process of being implemented.

Regarding the handling of polluting heavy vehicles, it should be noted that as part of the cargo master plan, various measures are being promoted to divert cargo from trucking to rail transport, with a gradual transition to the use of electric locomotives instead of diesel locomotives, and the construction of hubs at the entrances to metropolitan areas, where cargo will be unloaded from heavy trucks so that the heavy and polluting trucks will not enter city centers.

Regarding the issue of a work plan to reduce pollution from old private vehicles, the issue is budget-dependent, and as part of the budget summary, no budget was approved for this issue. The issue will be raised again for examination in cooperation with the Ministry of Environmental Protection as part of the next budget summary.

Regarding the issue of monitoring and maintaining a database on enforcement actions due to air pollution, it should be noted that the Ministry of Transport has a database of the results of air pollution tests conducted as part of the annual test according to license plates. If data are provided from surprise road tests carried out by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the Ministry will be able to conduct the comparison in accordance with the comptroller's recommendation.

The Ministry of Environmental Protection did not respond to the comptroller's report.

  • More on the subject:
  • Air pollution
  • Ministry of Transport
  • Ministry of Environmental Protection

Source: walla

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