On video: Demonstrations and roadblocks in protest of the legal revolution (Walla! system, Naomi Gibson, Pell aerial photography)
After a long discussion of speeches and riots in the plenum, the Knesset tonight (Tuesday) approved the first part of the legal revolution.
The two articles of the bill were approved in the first reading by a majority of 63 members of the coalition, while 47 were opposed.
Absent from the vote were the members of "Israel Beitno" who chose to leave the hall during the vote.
The bill that passed the first reading tonight and was approved last week by the Constitution Committee is the first part of the amendment to the Basic Law: the Judiciary and the Courts Law.
The proposal includes the two sections: changing the composition of the committee for the selection of judges and canceling the High Court's judicial review of basic laws. What does each of the sections actually mean?
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MKs enter the plenum, last night (Photo: Reuven Castro)
Changing the composition of the committee for the selection of judges
According to the proposal, the composition of the Committee for the Selection of Judges will be changed so that it will consist of three ministers, including the Minister of Justice, three judges, including the President of the Supreme Court, and two retired judges who will be appointed with the consent of the Minister of Justice and the President of the Supreme Court.
In addition, three MKs, including the chairman of the Constitution Committee, an MK from the coalition and an MK from the opposition.
That is, according to this division, the government will have a majority of at least five members out of nine.
In addition, the bill seeks to repeal the "Gideon Sa'ar Law" which states that in order to appoint a judge to the Supreme Court a majority of seven committee members out of nine is required instead of a normal majority.
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A protester forcefully exits the guest stand in the Knesset plenum, last night (Photo: Reuven Castro)
The cancellation of the High Court's judicial review of fundamental laws
The second section refers to the cancellation of the High Court's judicial review of basic laws and the prevention of its interference. In the discussions in the Knesset, concerns were raised that the purpose of the proposal is to return Shas Chairman Aryeh Deri to serve as Minister of the Interior and Health, this after last month the High Court invalidated his appointment. In previous publications in Vala
! We revealed that the coalition is promoting a bill that would restore Deri to the position of minister in the government. Therefore, the proposal seeks to amend the Basic Law: The Government so that it is made clear that the High Court cannot interfere in the appointment of government ministers.
Netanyahu and Levin in the Plenum, yesterday (Photo: Reuven Castro)
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said at the end of the night's voting that "we need to enter into negotiations without preconditions. We will enter into such negotiations, it's a big night and a big day."
On the other hand, the chairman of the "State Camp" Benny Gantz attacked: "A black evening for democracy."
Tomorrow morning we will continue the fight."
Opposition Chairman Yair Lapid: "Members of the coalition - history will judge you for this night," he wrote in a tweet on Twitter.
"For the damage to democracy, for the damage to the economy, for the damage to security, for the fact that you are tearing the people of Israel apart and you simply don't care."
MKs from the opposition enter the plenum, yesterday (photo: Reuven Castro)
The organizers of the struggle against the reform responded: "We are at the darkest point since the establishment of the state. When 37 representatives of the people signed the Declaration of Independence that defined the character of the state, they did not imagine that we would reach a moment when the Knesset of Israel would try to override every value written in it. We blame Benjamin Netanyahu and the band of hate and cowards are watching him, in a deliberate attempt to bring about the destruction of a third house and in an attempt to damage the heart of Israeli democracy. 63 members of the Knesset voted today in favor of the destruction of the house, in favor of a terrible rift in the nation and in favor of the assassination of democracy. Those cowards and criminals will be remembered in the history books as those who tried and failed to carry out a coup."
In the Movement for the Quality of Government they claimed that "this is a black day for the Israeli Knesset".
According to them, on the coming Saturday night, the demonstrations will be renewed throughout the country.
"Democratically elected elected officials are taking advantage of Israeli democracy to dismantle the Israeli regime and carry out a coup d'état, all in order to remove a prime minister accused of crimes from the court bench."
The Knesset Plenum, yesterday (Photo: Reuven Castro)
At the beginning of yesterday's debate, the Speaker of the Knesset mentioned Netanyahu's conflict of interest arrangement, which prevents him from engaging in matters related to the legal revolution: "The Prime Minister is not prevented from participating in the votes, he informs about this matter for the sake of good order," he said. Members of the opposition entered the debate waving Israeli flags Contrary to the regulations, Knesset Speaker Amir Ohana ordered them removed.
At the same time as the debate, there was a demonstration with thousands of people outside the Knesset building.
An unusual commotion arose in the plenum in which protesters in the guest stand knocked on the glass separating the stand from the plenum.
The Knesset guard forcibly removed them.
Members of the opposition chanted in plenary: "Shame, shame."
The legal revolution