After the emergence of demonstrations against racism all over the world, it is the Council of Europe's turn to take a stand on the issue, condemning racial profiling in the police, in a statement released on Monday.
"Racial profiling is a specific form of racial discrimination and must be expressly prohibited by law," insists the Council's Anti-Racism Commission, noting the "sense of humiliation and injustice" experienced by the groups it targets.
According to the European Court of Human Rights, which monitors respect for fundamental rights in the 47 member states of the Council of Europe, racial profiling can lead to "institutionalized racism", the press release points out.
More diverse police and independent controls
The Anti-Racism Commission therefore urges member states "to take action in this area, ranging from the development of recruitment procedures which ensure that the composition of the police reflects the diversity of the population, to the creation of fully independent bodies responsible for investigating on the allegations of abuse by the police ”.
The institution hopes that the current debate around police violence and racism, relaunched after the death of the African-American George Floyd, killed by a white police officer in the United States, gives states the opportunity to send a message clear of zero tolerance and to "raise awareness of the historical dimension of racism and inequality, especially colonialism and slavery".
In a 2019 report, the United Nations defined racial profiling as "any act of law enforcement when using generalizations based on race, color, descent, nationality or ethnicity , rather than on individual behavior or objective evidence "to subject people to searches, identity checks or investigations.