India and Pakistan have found for a few days a platform of choice to express their deep disagreement over the situation in Kashmir, and to try to win, on their own, the support of the international community. Shah Mahmood Qureshi, the Pakistani foreign minister, was due to deliver a speech on Tuesday (September 10th) to the UN General Assembly Human Rights Council (UNHRC) meeting, which is being held throughout the week in Geneva. He will be followed by the Indian delegation. For its part, the Indian government claimed on Monday that it lifted "most of the travel restrictions" put in place on August 4 in Jammu and Kashmir, the part of Indian-administered Kashmir.Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In locked Kashmir, fury and desolation
These arrangements, along with the cutting of communication networks, nevertheless persist in many places, as testified on the spot of the inhabitants joined with difficulty by Le Monde . They had been taken a few hours before the announcement by the Modi government on August 5 of the revocation of the constitutional autonomy enjoyed by the region since 1947, and of the demotion of the status of a federated state to a mere "territory of the "union", which will place Jammu and Kashmir under direct trusteeship of Delhi as of October 31st.
An estimated half a million Indian soldiers and paramilitary forces are deployed on the ground. More than 2,000 people have been arrested, including more than 100 politicians, activists and academics detained on remand. A Kashmir judge quoted by AFP speaks of 4,000 arrests, while a police officer advances the figure of 6,000 arrests.
At the opening of the CHR's annual session on Monday, Michelle Bachelet, President, said she was "very concerned by recent Indian government actions on Kashmiri's rights, including restrictions on the Internet and the right of peaceful assembly, and the detention of local political and militant leaders " .
It is in this tense context that Pakistan intends to invoke Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter in Geneva, as in New York, at the UN General Assembly where the leaders of the two Asian nuclear powers South, Narendra Modi and Imran Khan, will take turns on September 27. Article 39 provides that the Security Council may intervene if it finds "the existence of a threat to the peace, a breach of the peace or an act of aggression" .